66 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The hominoid-specific gene TBC1D3 promotes generation of basal neural progenitors and induces cortical folding in mice

    Xiang-Chun Ju et al.
    Introducing a hominoid-specific gene into mice induces cortical folding.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mitochondrial Rab GAPs govern autophagosome biogenesis during mitophagy

    Koji Yamano et al.
    Two GAP proteins bound to mitochondria regulate the enyzme Rab7, and thereby the expansion of the isolation membrane during mitophagy, downstream of PINK1 and Parkin, two proteins that are mutated in familial Parkinson's disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Retromer subunit, VPS29, regulates synaptic transmission and is required for endolysosomal function in the aging brain

    Hui Ye et al.
    Vps29 promotes retromer localization in the adult Drosophila brain, engaging Rab7 and TBC1D5, and its loss triggers age-dependent neuronal impairments in endolysosomal trafficking and synaptic transmission.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Interferon-β-induced miR-1 alleviates toxic protein accumulation by controlling autophagy

    Camilla Nehammer et al.
    A microRNA prevents the accumulation of toxic proteins by inducing autophagy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Tubulin cofactors and Arl2 are cage-like chaperones that regulate the soluble αβ-tubulin pool for microtubule dynamics

    Stanley Nithianantham et al.
    Soluble αβ-tubulin assembly is regulated by a cage-like molecular complex containing tubulin cofactors and Arl2.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for potent and broad inhibition of HIV-1 RT by thiophene[3,2-d]pyrimidine non-nucleoside inhibitors

    Yang Yang et al.
    High-resolution structures of HIV-1 RT in complex with two newly developed non-nucleoside inhibitors explain how they retain antiviral activities against drug-resistant RT mutants with considerably reduced susceptibility to rilpivirine.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Dysregulation of sonic hedgehog signaling causes hearing loss in ciliopathy mouse models

    Kyeong-Hye Moon et al.
    Developmental defects of the cochlea caused by dysregulation of sonic hedgehog signaling are the potential etiology for hearing loss in a group of ciliopathies with defective ciliogenesis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Elimination of paternal mitochondria in mouse embryos occurs through autophagic degradation dependent on PARKIN and MUL1

    Rebecca Rojansky et al.
    The uniparental inheritance of mammalian mitochondria results from elimination of paternal mitochondria by a mitophagic process that requires the E3 ubiquitin ligases PARKIN and MUL1.
    1. Cell Biology

    Endosomal Rab cycles regulate Parkin-mediated mitophagy

    Koji Yamano et al.
    Parkin ubiquitination of damaged mitochondria recruits the Rab GEF, RABGEF1, to regulate downstream Rab cycles and ATG9A recruitment to growing phagophores that are participating in mitophagy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A structure of substrate-bound Synaptojanin1 provides new insights in its mechanism and the effect of disease mutations

    Jone Paesmans et al.
    Structural and biochemical data suggest a mechanism for the Synaptojanin1-catalysed reaction and the role of mutations in the onset of associated neurological diseases.

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