1,924 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Drosophila serotonin 2A receptor signaling coordinates central metabolic processes to modulate aging in response to nutrient choice

    Yang Lyu et al.
    Dietary choice per se is sufficient to modulate aging in Drosophila and through serotonergic control of peripheral metabolism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Metabolic stress is a primary pathogenic event in transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans expressing pan-neuronal human amyloid beta

    Emelyne Teo et al.
    Metabolic defects following expression of Aβ1-42 in nematode neurons are partially caused by inactivation of alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase and can be rescued by Metformin.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Co-regulation and function of FOXM1/RHNO1 bidirectional genes in cancer

    Carter J Barger et al.
    FOXM1 is co-expressed with its bidirectional gene partner RHNO1, and the two genes promote DNA repair, cell growth and survival, and chemotherapy resistance in ovarian cancer.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Systemic hypoxia inhibits T cell response by limiting mitobiogenesis via matrix substrate-level phosphorylation arrest

    Amijai Saragovi et al.
    Systemic hypoxia model reveals the detrimental effect of hypoxia on mitochondrial biogenesis in activated T-cells and points at a new approach for improving viral resistance in patients with respiratory diseases.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Nuclear pore heterogeneity influences HIV-1 infection and the antiviral activity of MX2

    Melissa Kane et al.
    Comprehensive investigation reveals the variability and importance of the nuclear pore complex in HIV-1 infection and the activity of the antiretroviral protein, MX2.
    1. Cell Biology

    Bacterial fumarase and L-malic acid are evolutionary ancient components of the DNA damage response

    Esti Singer et al.
    The dual function of an ancient prokaryotic enzyme, which is linked to specific metabolite signals, may have been the evolutionary driving force behind its dual localization in eukaryotes.
    1. Neuroscience

    The distinct roles of calcium in rapid control of neuronal glycolysis and the tricarboxylic acid cycle

    Carlos Manlio Díaz-García et al.
    When neurons are stimulated, calcium entry into mitochondria upregulates mitochondrial energy production, but glycolytic energy production in the cytosol is stimulated by elevated energy demand, not Ca2+ signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mitochondrial pyruvate carrier is required for optimal brown fat thermogenesis

    Vanja Panic et al.
    Mitochondrial pyruvate transport is required for brown fat thermogenesis.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Environmental cystine drives glutamine anaplerosis and sensitizes cancer cells to glutaminase inhibition

    Alexander Muir et al.
    Cell culture models widely used in cancer research do not reflect metabolism in tumors; by altering culture systems to better model tumor metabolism we find that environmental cystine promotes tumor glutamine metabolism.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Tumor microenvironment derived exosomes pleiotropically modulate cancer cell metabolism

    Hongyun Zhao et al.
    Exosomes from cancer-associated fibroblasts enhance the "Warburg effect" in tumors and contain de novo metabolites that can contribute to the entire compendia of central carbon metabolism within cancer cells.

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