144 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanism of ubiquitin ligation and lysine prioritization by a HECT E3

    Hari B Kamadurai et al.
    Structural studies reveal the mechanism by which a HECT E3 ubiquitin ligase carries out E2-to-E3-to-substrate ubiquitin transfer and prioritizes target lysines for ubiquitination.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Atomic model of the F420-reducing [NiFe] hydrogenase by electron cryo-microscopy using a direct electron detector

    Matteo Allegretti et al.
    The structure of a large enzyme complex involved in methanogenesis was determined at high resolution by electron cryo-microscopy.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The budding yeast Centromere DNA Element II wraps a stable Cse4 hemisome in either orientation in vivo

    Steven Henikoff et al.
    A stable tetrameric nucleosome occupies the central segment of each ∼120-bp budding yeast centromere in two rotational phases of both reflectional orientations in vivo.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Serum amyloid A is a retinol binding protein that transports retinol during bacterial infection

    Mehabaw G Derebe et al.
    Serum amyloid A proteins bind retinol with nanomolar affinity, and do so by forming oligomers that create a hydrophobic pocket that shields retinol from the aqueous environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Laser ablation of Dbx1 neurons in the pre-Bötzinger complex stops inspiratory rhythm and impairs output in neonatal mice

    Xueying Wang et al.
    Laser-ablating neurons of a single genetic class reveals that Dbx1-derived interneurons comprise core respiratory rhythmogenic and premotor circuits and provides quantitative cellular parameters that govern network functionality
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic reinforcement learning for integrating reward collection and physiological stability

    Mehdi Keramati, Boris Gutkin
    A mathematical model built around the assumption that the desire to maintain internal homeostasis drives the behavior of animals, by affecting their learning processes, can explain many real-world behaviors, including some that might otherwise appear irrational.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Foxc1 dependent mesenchymal signalling drives embryonic cerebellar growth

    Parthiv Haldipur et al.
    The mesenchyme surrounding the developing brain plays a significant role in controlling the fundamental growth and patterning of the cerebellum, and misregulation of this signalling can lead to important neurodevelopmental disorders.
    1. Cell Biology

    Potassium dependent rescue of a myopathy with core-like structures in mouse

    M Gartz Hanson et al.
    A mouse model of human muscle myopathy is used to provide mechanistic insight, identify possible biomarkers of disease, and suggest possible therapeutic strategies to alleviate muscle weakness.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Non-crossover gene conversions show strong GC bias and unexpected clustering in humans

    Amy L Williams et al.
    In humans, non-crossover gene conversion events transmit GC alleles in 68% of cases and exhibit a complex pattern of multiple disconnected tracts clustered within 20–30 kilobase intervals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The coordinated action of the MVB pathway and autophagy ensures cell survival during starvation

    Martin Müller et al.
    A catabolic cascade is essential to enter a stable G1/G0 quiescent state and survive extended periods of starvation.

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