153 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Multiscale analysis reveals that diet-dependent midgut plasticity emerges from alterations in both stem cell niche coupling and enterocyte size

    Alessandro Bonfini et al.
    The nutrient composition of food alters both the size of gut epithelial cells and the ability of the stem cell niche to control tissue turnover, resulting in changes in size at the organ level.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The whale shark genome reveals patterns of vertebrate gene family evolution

    Milton Tan et al.
    The new whale shark genome assembly represents the best gapless chondrichthyan genome assembly yet, and comparative genomic analyses provide insights into the evolution of vertebrate genome origins, immunity, and gigantism.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Dual expression of Atoh1 and Ikzf2 promotes transformation of adult cochlear supporting cells into outer hair cells

    Suhong Sun et al.
    Adult cochlear supporting cells (SCs) are plastic and respond to ectopic Ikzf2 and Atoh1, and hair cell damage by up-regulating HC and down-regulating their endogenous SC genes.
    1. Neuroscience

    The corticospinal tract primarily modulates sensory inputs in the mouse lumbar cord

    Yunuen Moreno-Lopez et al.
    While the corticospinal tract is often considered exclusively as a motor path, a combination of intersectional viral strategy and in vivo electrophysiology reveals that, in the mouse lumbar cord, its main role is the modulation of sensory inputs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Structure-guided microbial targeting of antistaphylococcal prodrugs

    Justin J Miller et al.
    Prodrug antibiotics can be designed that are serum-stable but readily cleaved inside bacterial pathogens.
    1. Neuroscience

    Contribution of dorsal horn CGRP-expressing interneurons to mechanical sensitivity

    Line S Löken et al.
    Although primary sensory neuron-derived calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) contributes to the processing of pain messages, an understudied population of dorsal horn CGRP-expressing interneurons also contributes to the processing of mechanical sensitivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical signatures of precision grip force control in children, adolescents, and adults

    Mikkel Malling Beck et al.
    Precise motor control is supported by connectivity within a cortical grasping network from childhood to adulthood, but older individuals display more top-down control and superior motor performance compared to children.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The critical role of Hedgehog-responsive mesenchymal progenitors in meniscus development and injury repair

    Yulong Wei et al.
    Meniscal Gli1+ cells are mesenchymal progenitors that contribute to the development and injury repair of meniscus.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Inbreeding in a dioecious plant has sex- and population origin-specific effects on its interactions with pollinators

    Karin Schrieber et al.
    Inbreeding compromises floral traits and reduces pollinator visitation rates disproportionally in female relative to male individuals in a dioecious plant and may thus interfere with the equilibrium of a complex co-evolutionary plant-insect relationship.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Morphological and genomic shifts in mole-rat ‘queens’ increase fecundity but reduce skeletal integrity

    Rachel A Johnston et al.
    In cooperatively breeding Damaraland mole-rats, transitioning to 'queen' results in extensive gene regulatory and morphological remodeling, but also costs to skeletal integrity that scale with reproductive investment.

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