140 results found
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    16p11.2 microdeletion imparts transcriptional alterations in human iPSC-derived models of early neural development

    Julien G Roth et al.
    A model of in vitro human corticogenesis identifies alterations in gene expression caused by loss of 16p11.2 CNV genes in hiPSC-derived progenitor cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    DeepFRET, a software for rapid and automated single-molecule FRET data classification using deep learning

    Johannes Thomsen et al.
    An open-source user-friendly toolbox implementing machine learning for single-molecule FRET analysis enabling experts and non-experts to reproducibly provide dynamic structural biology insights.
    1. Neuroscience

    All-trans retinoic acid induces synaptic plasticity in human cortical neurons

    Maximilian Lenz et al.
    The vitamin A derivative, all-trans retinoic acid, induces protein-synthesis-dependent synaptic plasticity in the human brain.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Controlling opioid receptor functional selectivity by targeting distinct subpockets of the orthosteric site

    Rajendra Uprety et al.
    The structure-based design established a new approach to control pathway-selective activation of opioid receptors, resulting in new dual MOR/KOR G-protein biased agonist analgesics with attenuated liabilities.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    An evolutionary recent IFN/IL-6/CEBP axis is linked to monocyte expansion and tuberculosis severity in humans

    Murilo Delgobo et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis exploits an IFN/IL6/CEBP axis linked to monocyte expansion in humans.
    1. Ecology

    Genomic adaptations in information processing underpin trophic strategy in a whole-ecosystem nutrient enrichment experiment

    Jordan G Okie et al.
    Trait-based metagenomic analysis of an ecosystem fertilization experiment shows that genomic traits that affect the costs and rates of biochemical information-processing mediate community assembly.
    1. Neuroscience

    Model-based fMRI reveals dissimilarity processes underlying base rate neglect

    Sean R O'Bryan et al.
    Model-based imaging shows that the rostrolateral prefrontal cortex supports dissimilarity-based heuristics that people may use when they are confronted with ambiguous scenarios.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cell cycle entry triggers a switch between two modes of Cdc42 activation during yeast polarization

    Kristen Witte et al.
    Optogenetic control of Cdc42 activation during polarization of budding yeast demonstrates a cell cycle regulated switch between two distinct modes of positive feedback.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The coordinated action of the MVB pathway and autophagy ensures cell survival during starvation

    Martin Müller et al.
    A catabolic cascade is essential to enter a stable G1/G0 quiescent state and survive extended periods of starvation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome mining unearths a hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic gene cluster

    Hyun Bong Park et al.
    A new type of hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS)-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic pathway has been illuminated via genome mining.

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