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488 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TGF-β uses a novel mode of receptor activation to phosphorylate SMAD1/5 and induce epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition

    Anassuya Ramachandran et al.
    SMAD1/5 signaling is essential for the full transforming growth factor β (TGF-β)-induced transcriptional program and physiological responses and is induced via a novel receptor activation mechanism, involving two distinct type I receptors.
    1. Cancer Biology

    The testis protein ZNF165 is a SMAD3 cofactor that coordinates oncogenic TGFβ signaling in triple-negative breast cancer

    Zane A Gibbs et al.
    Anomalous expression of the testis protein ZNF165 in cancer cells promotes assembly of a neomorphic transcriptional complex that modulates transcription of TGFβ target genes to support tumor cell survival.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Tgfβ signaling is critical for maintenance of the tendon cell fate

    Guak-Kim Tan et al.
    Conditional deletion of TGFβ signaling results in tenocyte dedifferentiation in vivo demonstrating a key role for TGFβ signaling in the maintenance of the tendon cell fate.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    TGFβ-dependent expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 controls CD8+ T cell anergy in transplant tolerance

    Marije Baas et al.
    The interplay between the cytokine TGFβ and the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway promotes CD8+ T cell anergy and tolerance towards transplanted tissues.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Reversal of β cell de-differentiation by a small molecule inhibitor of the TGFβ pathway

    Barak Blum et al.
    Loss of mature β cell identity in diabetes can be prevented and rescued by small molecule inhibitors of the TGFβ pathway.
    1. Cell Biology

    Discrete spatial organization of TGFβ receptors couples receptor multimerization and signaling to cellular tension

    Joanna P Rys et al.
    Cells control the spatial organization and signaling of TGFβ receptors at focal adhesions via a mechanically regulated mechanism to integrate biochemical and physical cues.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mutations in SKI in Shprintzen–Goldberg syndrome lead to attenuated TGF-β responses through SKI stabilization

    Ilaria Gori et al.
    The mechanism underlying Shprintzen–Goldberg syndrome is solved and reveals that missense mutations in the transcriptional repressor SKI abolish ligand-induced SKI degradation, which results in attenuation of TGF-β transcriptional responses.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Tgfβ signaling is required for tenocyte recruitment and functional neonatal tendon regeneration

    Deepak A Kaji et al.
    TGFß signaling regulates migration of tenogenic cells from Scx- and non-Scx lineages and is required for functional regeneration after neonatal tendon injury.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Absence of TGFβ signaling in retinal microglia induces retinal degeneration and exacerbates choroidal neovascularization

    Wenxin Ma et al.
    TGFβ signaling to retinal microglia is central to the regulation of neuroinflammatory responses relevant to age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness in the developed world.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Endothelial TGF-β signaling instructs smooth muscle cell development in the cardiac outflow tract

    Giulia LM Boezio et al.
    Alk5/TGF-β signaling is required in the endothelium to orchestrate zebrafish cardiac outflow tract morphogenesis, regulating smooth muscle cell and extracellular matrix organization.

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