48 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    MCU encodes the pore conducting mitochondrial calcium currents

    Dipayan Chaudhuri et al.
    Genetic and electrophysiological experiments reveal that a gene called MCU encodes the ion channel pore that allows calcium ions to cross the inner mitochondrial membrane.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neurobiological association of revenge propensity during intergroup conflict

    Xiaochun Han et al.
    Intergroup conflict increases human endogenous oxytocin, which predicts the medial prefrontal activity associated with ingroup pain and propensity to seek revenge upon the outgroup.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Long-term antigen exposure irreversibly modifies metabolic requirements for T cell function

    Marie Bettonville et al.
    Long-term exposure to recipient's alloantigens promotes major metabolic defects in T cells that are independent of PD-1-mediated regulation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Patient-specific mutations impair BESTROPHIN1’s essential role in mediating Ca2+-dependent Cl- currents in human RPE

    Yao Li et al.
    A multidisciplinary platform featured by patient-derived RPEs is established to study the disease-causing mechanisms of BEST1 mutations, and demonstrates gene-supplemented rescue of the mutation-caused deficiency in Ca2+-dependent Cl- current in human RPE.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Ubiquitination and degradation of NF90 by Tim-3 inhibits antiviral innate immunity

    Shuaijie Dou et al.
    Tim-3 promotes the ubiquitination and degradation of NF90, a novel virus sensor, and negatively regulates the NF90-SG pathway-mediated antiviral innate immunity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Peripheral natural killer cells in chronic hepatitis B patients display multiple molecular features of T cell exhaustion

    Marie Marotel et al.
    Similar to T cell exhaustion, natural killer cell dysfunction in chronic hepatitis B patients results from deregulated calcium pathway.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Erythropoietin signaling regulates heme biosynthesis

    Jacky Chung et al.
    EPO/JAK2/PKA signaling cascade via AKAP10 relocalization to the outer mitochondrial membrane results in the phosphorylation of the terminal heme synthesis enzyme ferrochelatase, which contributes to heme production in red cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    QIL1 is a novel mitochondrial protein required for MICOS complex stability and cristae morphology

    Virginia Guarani et al.
    A comprehensive analysis of the human MICOS complex has identified a novel subunit called QIL1 that is required for cristae junction formation in human cells and Drosophila, through its role in the assembly of the MICOS complex.
    1. Cell Biology

    Selective sorting and destruction of mitochondrial membrane proteins in aged yeast

    Adam L Hughes et al.
    A new mitochondrial protein degradation pathway selectively sorts and destroys a subset of the mitochondrial membrane proteome to protect mitochondria in times of stress.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional role of the type 1 pilus rod structure in mediating host-pathogen interactions

    Caitlin N Spaulding et al.
    The helical rod structure and dynamic spring-like properties of the type 1 pilus are evolutionarily fine-tuned for functioning in host-pathogen interactions during urinary tract infection and gut colonization.

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