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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    MutS/MutL crystal structure reveals that the MutS sliding clamp loads MutL onto DNA

    Flora S Groothuizen et al.
    Visualization of the sliding clamp in DNA mismatch repair shows how a transient complex is activated.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and transport mechanism of the sodium/proton antiporter MjNhaP1

    Cristina Paulino et al.
    The inward-open and outward-open structures of MjNhaP1 explain the mechanism of electroneutral sodium-proton antiport across the cell membrane.
    1. Cell Biology

    Single-cell RNA-seq reveals hidden transcriptional variation in malaria parasites

    Adam J Reid et al.
    Plasmodium parasite transcription shifts dramatically along asexual development, and transmission stages variably express important immune evasion genes, suggesting much interesting biology has until now been hidden by bulk analyses.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of ribosomal peptide macrocyclization in plants

    Joel Haywood et al.
    The first crystal structure of an active plant asparaginyl endopeptidase reveals a tetrahedral intermediate state in its active site, which may help to explain why these enzymes have been independently recruited to perform peptide macrocyclization.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of the head-trunk interface in tetrapod vertebrates

    Elizabeth M Sefton et al.
    Both gill musculature and the evolutionarily conserved cucullaris muscle are derived from unsegmented mesoderm adjacent to the first 3 somites, extending the posterior limit of cranial mesoderm.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial flagellar capping proteins adopt diverse oligomeric states

    Sandra Postel et al.
    The first high-resolution structure of a bacterial flagellar cap protein, FliD, reveals new insights into the assembly of bacterial flagella.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    A Cryptochrome 2 mutation yields advanced sleep phase in humans

    Arisa Hirano et al.
    A missense mutation in the human Cryptochrome 2 (CRY2) gene leads to the condition of familial advanced sleep phase.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The transcriptional response to tumorigenic polarity loss in Drosophila

    Brandon D Bunker et al.
    Loss of polarity in epithelial cells leads to mitogenic cytokine upregulation, via coincident activation by JNK and atypical protein kinase C (aPKC), and Polycomb derepression.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    The homo-oligomerisation of both Sas-6 and Ana2 is required for efficient centriole assembly in flies

    Matthew A Cottee et al.
    The structure of the Ana2 Central Coiled-Coil Domain provides insight into how centriolar cartwheel components may be recruited and assembled, and indicates that cartwheel assembly involves more than just SAS-6 oligomerisation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    The Caenorhabditis elegans protein SAS-5 forms large oligomeric assemblies critical for centriole formation

    Kacper B Rogala et al.
    SAS-5 forms oligomers, through a trimeric coiled coil and novel dimeric domain, that are necessary for centriolar localisation of SAS-5 and for centriole duplication.