208 results found
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Chemical modulation of transcriptionally enriched signaling pathways to optimize the conversion of fibroblasts into neurons

    Joseph Herdy et al.
    An unbiased RNAseq based strategy to identify targetable pathways and a streamlined lentiviral system provide a state of the art advance on direct fibroblast to neuron conversion.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Regulating G protein-coupled receptors by topological inversion

    Bray Denard et al.
    Multiple biochemical assays show that the topology of CCR5 and possibly other GPCRs may be inverted by ceramide or other sphingolipids through the process of regulated alternative translocation.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Species-specific maturation profiles of human, chimpanzee and bonobo neural cells

    Maria C Marchetto et al.
    Using iPSCs as a model to study neurodevelopmental differences between human and nonhuman primates lays the groundwork for understanding aspects of human brain evolution and neurological disease susceptibility.
    1. Plant Biology

    GLO-Roots: an imaging platform enabling multidimensional characterization of soil-grown root systems

    Rubén Rellán-Álvarez et al.
    A luminescence-based imaging system is presented that allows soil-based environmental stimuli to be studied in root systems under physiologically relevant conditions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic representation of partially occluded objects in primate prefrontal and visual cortex

    Amber M Fyall et al.
    Complementary neural codes in frontal and visual cortex support a role for feedback signals in the representation and recognition of partially occluded objects.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The Hippo pathway effector YAP is an essential regulator of ductal progenitor patterning in the mouse submandibular gland

    Aleksander D Szymaniak et al.
    The transcriptional regulator YAP directs the specification and differentiation of stem cells that give rise to salivary gland ductal epithelium.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Subretinal mononuclear phagocytes induce cone segment loss via IL-1β

    Chiara M Eandi et al.
    IL-1β release from macrophages might be responsible for the unexplained cone segment loss in retinal degenerative diseases that are associated with subretinal inflammation, such as retinitis pigmentosa or geographic atrophy.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Alleviation of neuronal energy deficiency by mTOR inhibition as a treatment for mitochondria-related neurodegeneration

    Xinde Zheng et al.
    Rapamycin treatment inhibits mTOR activity and preserves ATP levels in neurons derived from induced pluripotent stem cells from a maternally inherited Leigh syndrome patient.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Comparative analysis of viral RNA signatures on different RIG-I-like receptors

    Raul Y Sanchez David et al.
    An experimental approach allowing characterization of viral RNA ligands recognized by RIG-I-like receptors during infection by any RNA viruses is established and validated.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Metabolic reprogramming during neuronal differentiation from aerobic glycolysis to neuronal oxidative phosphorylation

    Xinde Zheng et al.
    The shutoff of aerobic glycolysis in neuronal differentiation is essential for neuronal survival.

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