6,667 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Substrate specificity of TOR complex 2 is determined by a ubiquitin-fold domain of the Sin1 subunit

    Hisashi Tatebe et al.
    Sin1, a regulatory subunit of TOR protein kinase, has an evolutionarily conserved domain that specifically binds and recruits substrate for phosphorylation, and may represent a potential target for anti-cancer drugs.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Critical roles of mTOR Complex 1 and 2 for T follicular helper cell differentiation and germinal center responses

    Jialong Yang et al.
    Genetic ablation of Raptor and Rictor in mice revealed critical roles of mTORC1 and mTORC2 in T follicular helper cell differentiation and germinal center responses.
    1. Cell Biology

    KChIP3 coupled to Ca2+ oscillations exerts a tonic brake on baseline mucin release in the colon

    Gerard Cantero-Recasens et al.
    KChIP3 localisation by intracellular calcium oscillations controls mucin release from colonic goblet cells.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Bim escapes displacement by BH3-mimetic anti-cancer drugs by double-bolt locking both Bcl-XL and Bcl-2

    Qian Liu et al.
    The pro-apoptotic BH3-protein Bim contains two distinct binding sites for anti-apoptotic proteins that together confer resistance of Bim/Bcl-2 and Bim/Bcl-XL complexes to BH3-mimetic drugs under development for use in humans.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Rapid localized spread and immunologic containment define Herpes simplex virus-2 reactivation in the human genital tract

    Joshua T Schiffer et al.
    A combination of detailed sampling and mathematical modeling suggests that the response of immune cells to reactivation of herpes simplex virus 2 is extremely rapid and effective within microscopic areas of genital skin.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A clathrin coat assembly role for the muniscin protein central linker revealed by TALEN-mediated gene editing

    Perunthottathu K Umasankar et al.
    The muniscin protein FCHO1 interacts with, and activates, the adapter protein-2 complex (AP-2) to promote the assembly of clathrin-coated vesicles.
    1. Cell Biology

    The AP-2 complex has a specialized clathrin-independent role in apical endocytosis and polar growth in fungi

    Olga Martzoukou et al.
    In filamentous fungi the AP-2 complex, which in mammals is an adaptor of clathrin-mediated endocytosis, is recruited to specific clathrin-independent apical endocytosis necessary for proper lipid maintenance and polar growth.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Centriolar satellites assemble centrosomal microcephaly proteins to recruit CDK2 and promote centriole duplication

    Andrew Kodani et al.
    To control centriole duplication, centriolar satellite proteins assemble a microcephaly-associated protein complex at the centrosome and activate cyclin-dependent kinase 2.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The Melanocortin Receptor Accessory Protein 2 promotes food intake through inhibition of the Prokineticin Receptor-1

    Anna L Chaly et al.
    A non-melanocortin G-protein coupled receptor is inhibited by the Melanocortin Receptor Accessory Protein 2 (MRAP2) to control food intake in mammals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Independent evolution of functionally exchangeable mitochondrial outer membrane import complexes

    Daniela G Vitali et al.
    The convergent evolution of yeast Mim1/2 and trypanosomal pATOM36 enable the first demonstration of reciprocal functional rescue of two evolutionary unrelated mitochondrial biogenesis complexes belonging to two different eukaryotic supergroups.

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