280 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The mTORC1-mediated activation of ATF4 promotes protein and glutathione synthesis downstream of growth signals

    Margaret E Torrence et al.
    ATF4 is a metabolic effector of mTORC1 signaling, co-opted to induce gene targets involved in amino acid synthesis, uptake, and tRNA charging, contributing to mTORC1-driven protein and glutathione synthesis.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Reprogramming of translation in yeast cells impaired for ribosome recycling favors short, efficiently translated mRNAs

    Swati Gaikwad et al.
    A mutant impaired for ribosome recycling exhibits translational reprogramming wherein strong mRNAs outcompete weak mRNAs, also observed when preinitiation complexes are diminished by eIF2α phosphorylation or 40S ribosomal subunit depletion.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Human ORC/MCM density is low in active genes and correlates with replication time but does not delimit initiation zones

    Nina Kirstein et al.
    Replication origins are established throughout the genome with the exception of transcribed genes, and the local chromatin composition likely modulates the density of ORC and MCM as well as origin activation.
    1. Cell Biology

    The SWELL1-LRRC8 complex regulates endothelial AKT-eNOS signaling and vascular function

    Ahmad F Alghanem et al.
    SWELL1 is required for basal, stretch, and flow-mediated endothelial AKT-eNOS signaling in vitro and protects against angiotensin-induced hypertension and diabetes-associated vascular dysfunction in vivo.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Pervasive duplication of tumor suppressors in Afrotherians during the evolution of large bodies and reduced cancer risk

    Juan M Vazquez, Vincent J Lynch
    Duplication of tumor suppressor genes contributed to the evolution of large, long-lived elephants.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    SUMO is a pervasive regulator of meiosis

    Nikhil R Bhagwat et al.
    Multi-dimensional global proteomics describes the SUMO-modified proteome during meiosis and reveals novel roles in regulating the key events of meiotic chromosome metabolism.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Estrogen receptor alpha in the brain mediates tamoxifen-induced changes in physiology in mice

    Zhi Zhang et al.
    Estrogen receptor alpha in the hypothalamus is required for the effects of chronic tamoxifen treament on gene expression, thermoregulation, bone, and movement in mice.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of Stu2 recruitment to yeast kinetochores

    Jacob A Zahm et al.
    The results here show that Stu2 binds kinetochores by associating with the Ndc80 complex and that the interaction is critical for accurate chromosome segregation during cell division.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dissociation of task engagement and arousal effects in auditory cortex and midbrain

    Daniela Saderi et al.
    Data collected from two important auditory brain areas distinguish effects of generalized arousal and specific task engagement on neural sensory coding.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Loss of FLCN-FNIP1/2 induces a non-canonical interferon response in human renal tubular epithelial cells

    Iris E Glykofridis et al.
    Knocking out Folliculin (FLCN) in human renal epithelial cells activates STAT1/2-mediated gene expression, independent of interferon, uncovering a tissue-specific process potentially relevant in the cancer syndrome Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD).

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