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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Asymmetric recognition of HIV-1 Envelope trimer by V1V2 loop-targeting antibodies

    Haoqing Wang et al.
    Single particle cryoEM structure of antibody complex with HIV-1 envelope trimer reveals new mode of asymmetric recognition of trimer apex.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of a TRPM2 channel in complex with Ca2+ explains unique gating regulation

    Zhe Zhang et al.
    The 3Å structure and correlated functional analysis of the TRPM2 cation channel from Nematostella vectensis shed light on the molecular mechanisms of TRPM2 regulation by intra- and extracellular Ca2+, and of inactivation of human TRPM2.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Intracellular antibody signalling is regulated by phosphorylation of the Fc receptor TRIM21

    Claire Dickson et al.
    Phosphorylation deactivates TRIM21 B Box autoinhibition to licence proinflammatory signalling by cytosolic antibodies.
    1. Neuroscience

    TRIM28 regulates the nuclear accumulation and toxicity of both alpha-synuclein and tau

    Maxime WC Rousseaux et al.
    Convergent screens targeting the levels of alpha-synuclein and tau identify TRIM28 as a driver of their stability, nuclear accumulation and subsequent toxicity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial autolysins trim cell surface peptidoglycan to prevent detection by the Drosophila innate immune system

    Magda Luciana Atilano et al.
    To avoid recognition by the immune system, bacteria use autolysins to trim fragments of peptidoglycans that are exposed on the bacterial cell wall.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Definition of two agonist types at the mammalian cold-activated channel TRPM8

    Annelies Janssens et al.
    Two natural cooling agents activate the cold-activated channel TRPM8 via two opposite mechanisms, evoking distinct electrical responses in cold-sensitive neurons.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Neurodegenerative disease mutations in TREM2 reveal a functional surface and distinct loss-of-function mechanisms

    Daniel L Kober et al.
    Structural, biophysical, and functional analyses reveal that mutations in TREM2 trigger either misfolding or reduced binding to cell-surface glycosaminoglycans, which segregate with neurodegenerative disease link and highlight a functional surface linked to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Enzyme activity and selectivity filter stability of ancient TRPM2 channels were simultaneously lost in early vertebrates

    Iordan Iordanov et al.
    Invertebrate TRPM2 channels have stable pores but act as chanzymes that hydrolyze their activating ligand ADP ribose (ADPR), whereas vertebrate TRPM2 channels are catalytically dead but undergo pore inactivation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    HIV-1 Env trimer opens through an asymmetric intermediate in which individual protomers adopt distinct conformations

    Xiaochu Ma et al.
    The identification of a single-CD4 bound asymmetric HIV-1 Envelope trimer intermediate provides new mechanistic insights into the activation of Envelope for fusion, and highlights the importance of asymmetry in biology.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The proposed channel-enzyme transient receptor potential melastatin 2 does not possess ADP ribose hydrolase activity

    Iordan Iordanov et al.
    TRPM2 is simply a ligand gated channel and does not to possess enzymatic activity, even though it shows sequence similarity to Nudix hydrolases.