303 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanism of B-box 2 domain-mediated higher-order assembly of the retroviral restriction factor TRIM5α

    Jonathan M Wagner et al.
    Higher-order assembly enables and links pathogen recognition and downstream steps in the TRIM5-mediated anti-HIV response.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mutational resilience of antiviral restriction favors primate TRIM5α in host-virus evolutionary arms races

    Jeannette L Tenthorey et al.
    Mutations in the TRIM5α retrovirus-binding interface frequently improve but rarely disrupt retroviral restriction.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Primate TRIM5 proteins form hexagonal nets on HIV-1 capsids

    Yen-Li Li et al.
    To protect mammals against retroviral infections, TRIM5 restriction factors recognize viral capsids by forming complementary hexagonal nets that can adapt to the patterns of capsid protein subunits on the viral capsid surface.
    1. Cell Biology

    TRPM5-mediated calcium uptake regulates mucin secretion from human colon goblet cells

    Sandra Mitrovic et al.
    Goblet cells secrete mucins—which are key components of mucus—in a process that is regulated by calcium ions, which enter the goblet cells via a mechanism involving a channel protein called TRPM5.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    RTN3 inhibits RIG-I-mediated antiviral responses by impairing TRIM25-mediated K63-linked polyubiquitination

    Ziwei Yang et al.
    RTN3 is upregulated upon RNA viral infection, in turn suppresses antiviral responses by impairing TRIM25-mediated RIG-I K63-linked polyubiquitination and decreases neutrophil populations and inflammatory infiltration, representing a novel inflammatory resolution.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial autolysins trim cell surface peptidoglycan to prevent detection by the Drosophila innate immune system

    Magda Luciana Atilano et al.
    To avoid recognition by the immune system, bacteria use autolysins to trim fragments of peptidoglycans that are exposed on the bacterial cell wall.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The TRIM-NHL protein NHL-2 is a co-factor in the nuclear and somatic RNAi pathways in C. elegans

    Gregory M Davis et al.
    The RNA-binding protein NHL-2 is required for small-RNA mediated transgenerational epigenetic gene regulation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    KHNYN is essential for the zinc finger antiviral protein (ZAP) to restrict HIV-1 containing clustered CpG dinucleotides

    Mattia Ficarelli et al.
    KHNYN, a putative endoribonuclease, interacts with the zinc-finger antiviral protein (ZAP) and is required for the inhibition of HIV replication and RNA abundance by CpG dinucleotides.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A cell cycle-independent, conditional gene inactivation strategy for differentially tagging wild-type and mutant cells

    Sonal Nagarkar-Jaiswal et al.
    A conditional gene inactivation system that permits the tracking of protein expression, and creates fluorescently-labelled mutant cells in both developing and adult Drosophila tissues.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cyclophilin A-regulated ubiquitination is critical for RIG-I-mediated antiviral immune responses

    Wei Liu et al.
    CypA boosts RIG-I-mediated antiviral immune responses via enhancing K63-linked ubiquitination of RIG-I and inhibiting K48-linked ubiquitination of MAVS.

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