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    1. Neuroscience

    Hypothalamic melanin concentrating hormone neurons communicate the nutrient value of sugar

    Ana I Domingos et al.
    Natural sugars are preferred over artificial sweeteners because of their nutritional content, which is sensed by MCH neurons in the lateral hypothalamus.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Frazzled promotes growth cone attachment at the source of a Netrin gradient in the Drosophila visual system

    Orkun Akin, S Lawrence Zipursky
    Direct observation in the developing fly brain indicates that the response of a growth cone in a gradient of a guidance cue is adhesion to the source of the cue rather than attraction by the gradient.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Dna2 nuclease-helicase structure, mechanism and regulation by Rpa

    Chun Zhou et al.
    X-ray crystallography reveals that the Dna2 nuclease-helicase contains a long tunnel through which single-stranded DNA threads, and an allosteric mechanism for displacing the DNA-binding protein Rpa that restricts cleavage to the proper polarity.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A virus-packageable CRISPR screen identifies host factors mediating interferon inhibition of HIV

    Molly OhAinle et al.
    Host restriction factors that block cross-species transmission also play a role in limiting the replication of highly-adapted HIV-1 in IFN-stimulated cells.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Standardized mean differences cause funnel plot distortion in publication bias assessments

    Peter-Paul Zwetsloot et al.
    Funnel plots of the Standardized Mean Difference versus the standard error are prone to distortion, leading to false-positive tests for funnel plot asymmetry, and therefore using the Normalised Mean Difference, or a sample size-based precision estimate, are more reliable alternatives.
    1. Neuroscience

    Embryonic and postnatal neurogenesis produce functionally distinct subclasses of dopaminergic neuron

    Elisa Galliano et al.
    In the mouse olfactory bulb, different types of local dopaminergic interneuron are produced before and after birth.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Intracellular antibody signalling is regulated by phosphorylation of the Fc receptor TRIM21

    Claire Dickson et al.
    Phosphorylation deactivates TRIM21 B Box autoinhibition to licence proinflammatory signalling by cytosolic antibodies.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    RING finger E3 ligase PPP1R11 regulates TLR2 signaling and innate immunity

    Alison C McKelvey et al.
    Novel post-translational modification of pattern recognition receptor TLR2 has consequences in bacterial infection and inflammatory signaling.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Global alignment and assessment of TRP channel transmembrane domain structures to explore functional mechanisms

    Katherine E Huffer et al.
    Structure-based alignment of TRP channels enables comparison of structural changes, ion permeation pathways and ligand-binding sites and reveals over-representation of structures that represent non-conducting states.