486 results found
  1. Episode 39: Spotlight on tropical diseases

    In this special episode we discuss diseases that are common in tropical countries including tuberculosis, Zika, malaria and schistosomiasis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Microsaccadic sampling of moving image information provides Drosophila hyperacute vision

    Mikko Juusola et al.
    New experiments and theory reveal how the ability to see image details depends upon photoreceptor function and eye movements, and how fruit flies (Drosophila) see spatial details beyond the optical limit of their compound eyes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chronic pain induces generalized enhancement of aversion

    Qiaosheng Zhang et al.
    Chronic pain distorts intensity coding in the anterior cingulate cortex to give rise to generalized anatomically nonspecific enhancement in pain aversion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor control of Drosophila feeding behavior

    Olivia Schwarz et al.
    The neuroanatomical and functional analysis of genetically-identified motoneurons controlling all major steps of Drosophila proboscis extension provides new insights into the architecture of a motor circuitry controlling a reaching-like behavior.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Epithelial magnesium transport by TRPM6 is essential for prenatal development and adult survival

    Vladimir Chubanov et al.
    Mice deficient in the TRPM6 channel suffer from impaired prenatal development, shortened lifespan, growth deficit and disturbed energy balance due to a defect in epithelial Mg2+ uptake, thus highlighting a pivotal role of TRPM6 in organismal Mg2+ homeostasis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 plays distinct roles at the mRNA entry and exit channels of the ribosomal preinitiation complex

    Colin Echeverría Aitken et al.
    Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 (eIF3) is required to stabilize the binding of mRNA at the exit channel of the small ribosomal subunit and acts at the entry channel to accelerate mRNA recruitment to the translation preinitiation complex.
    1. Ecology

    Dynamic metabolic exchange governs a marine algal-bacterial interaction

    Einat Segev et al.
    Physical and chemical interactions with bacteria influence the life and death of Emiliania huxleyi, a bloom-forming micro-alga important in global biogeochemical cycles.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Overcoming myelosuppression due to synthetic lethal toxicity for FLT3-targeted acute myeloid leukemia therapy

    Alexander A Warkentin et al.
    Anti-targets are proteins that cause problems when inhibited along with an intended target and our novel chemical strategy affords unprecedented selectivity in the context of FLT3 vs. KIT inhibition for treatment of a devastating blood cancer.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The CUL4-DDB1 ubiquitin ligase complex controls adult and embryonic stem cell differentiation and homeostasis

    Jie Gao et al.
    DDB1, a component of the ubiquitin proteasome system, plays a role in both hematopoietic and embryonic stem cell self-renewal and differentiation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Defective STIM-mediated store operated Ca2+ entry in hepatocytes leads to metabolic dysfunction in obesity

    Ana Paula Arruda et al.
    Store operated calcium entry is defective in hepatocytes of obese mice, and restoring this process is sufficient to improve glucose metabolism.

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