19 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Structure of the germline genome of Tetrahymena thermophila and relationship to the massively rearranged somatic genome

    Eileen P Hamilton et al.
    The model organism Tetrahymena thermopile carries two nuclei with distinct genomes: an unrearranged germline genome with five chromosomes, and a somatic genome reduced in size by a third and with 181 chromosomes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Screening of candidate substrates and coupling ions of transporters by thermostability shift assays

    Homa Majd et al.
    It is technically difficult to identify transport proteins, but here a method is presented that exploits the principle that they are stabilized in detergent solution when they bind their substrate.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Methylation of histone H3K23 blocks DNA damage in pericentric heterochromatin during meiosis

    Romeo Papazyan et al.
    A previously unappreciated histone methylation pathway helps limit DNA double-strand break formation and recombination in heterochromatin during meiosis.
    1. Cell Biology

    IFT trains in different stages of assembly queue at the ciliary base for consecutive release into the cilium

    Jenna L Wingfield et al.
    Multimegadalton intraflagellar transport (IFT) trains assemble by sequential recruitment of IFT subcomplexes from the cell body to the ciliary basal bodies and tubulin, the main IFT cargo, is loaded briefly before trains depart.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cellular encoding of Cy dyes for single-molecule imaging

    Lilia Leisle et al.
    Cyanine fluorophores are encoded as non-canonical amino acids to produce functional proteins in cell-free translation systems and live cells for single-molecule imaging.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Identification of cryptic subunits from an apicomplexan ATP synthase

    Diego Huet et al.
    A phylum-specific ATP synthase subunit is needed for proper mitochondrial function and stability of the complex in Toxoplasma gondii.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Atomic mutagenesis in ion channels with engineered stoichiometry

    John D Lueck et al.
    Building on previous work (Pless, 2013), we argue that side-chain 'flip out' is a key event in potassium channel C-type inactivation, and propose a new method for encoding multiple noncanonical amino acids and controlling protein stoichiometry.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Post-meiotic DNA double-strand breaks occur in Tetrahymena, and require Topoisomerase II and Spo11

    Takahiko Akematsu et al.
    The first genetic compelling evidence for post-meiotic DNA double-strand breaks and its relation to chromatin remodeling in haploid pronuclei is shown.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Identification of human TERT elements necessary for telomerase recruitment to telomeres

    Jens C Schmidt et al.
    The TEN-domain of human telomerase mediates the direct interaction with TPP1 to drive telomerase recruitment to telomeres.

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