201 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    A zebrafish screen reveals Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors as neuroprotective via mitochondrial restoration in dopamine neurons

    Gha-Hyun J Kim et al.
    In vivo dopamine neuron imaging-based neuroprotective small molecule screen in larval zebrafish and mechanistic investigation using conditional CRISPR knockout and cell-type-specific RNA-seq analysis, coupled with cross-species analyses including human clinical data interrogation, uncover potential disease-modifying therapeutics for Parkinson's disease (PD).
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Evolution of cytokine production capacity in ancient and modern European populations

    Jorge Domínguez-Andrés et al.
    Neolithic was a turning point for immune responses in Europeans, favoring tolerance against intracellular pathogens, promoting inflammation against extracellular microbes, and being related to current auto-immune diseases.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    ACLY ubiquitination by CUL3-KLHL25 induces the reprogramming of fatty acid metabolism to facilitate iTreg differentiation

    Miaomiao Tian et al.
    Metabolic flux analysis, biochemistry assays, and functional confirmation in mice show that the ubiquitination and degradation of ATP-citrate lyase (ACLY) mediated by CUL3-KLHL25 promotes the switch from fatty acid synthesis to fatty acid oxidation for iTreg differentiation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Tonic interferon restricts pathogenic IL-17-driven inflammatory disease via balancing the microbiome

    Isabelle J Marié et al.
    Overlapping action of type I, II, and III interferons maintains microbiome homeostasis, prevents IL-17-driven myeloproliferative disease, and protects against inflammatory bowel disease.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Receptor repertoires of murine follicular T helper cells reveal a high clonal overlap in separate lymph nodes in autoimmunity

    Markus Niebuhr et al.
    Repertoires of autoreactive murine follicular T helper cells synchronize transiently within one individual.
    1. Neuroscience

    The role of P2Y12 in the kinetics of microglial self-renewal and maturation in the adult visual cortex in vivo

    Monique S Mendes et al.
    Adult microglia are born by the division of single surviving microglia that rapidly acquire mature morphologies and functions in order to perform their physiological roles in the brain.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Latent gammaherpesvirus exacerbates arthritis through modification of age-associated B cells

    Isobel C Mouat et al.
    Latent gammaherpesvirus infection predisposes mice to develop more severe disease following induction of arthritis by elevating pathogenic interferon-gamma-expressing age-associated B cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Expansion of CD10neg neutrophils and CD14+HLA-DRneg/low monocytes driving proinflammatory responses in patients with acute myocardial infarction

    Daniela Fraccarollo et al.
    Immature CD10neg neutrophils and CD14+HLA-DRneg/low monocytes inducing proinflammatory and adaptive immune responses emerge in patients with large acute myocardial infarction.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Soluble Fas ligand drives autoantibody-induced arthritis by binding to DR5/TRAIL-R2

    Dongjin Jeong et al.
    Soluble Fas ligand interacts specifically with tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily (TNFRSF)10B, also known as death receptor 5, exacerbating arthritis in a Fas-independent manner.

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