6,176 results found
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    APOE2 is associated with longevity independent of Alzheimer’s disease

    Mitsuru Shinohara et al.
    Translational evidence indicates APOE2 benefits longevity independent of its protective effects on Alzheimer’s disease, which preserved activity and the metabolism of apoE protein and associated-lipids would be key to understanding.
    1. Neuroscience

    Divergent projections of the prelimbic cortex bidirectionally regulate active avoidance

    Maria M Diehl et al.
    Projections from the prelimbic prefrontal cortex targeting the ventral striatum or the basolateral amygdala bidirectionally regulate platform-mediated active avoidance in rats.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular mechanism for direct actin force-sensing by α-catenin

    Lin Mei et al.
    Biophysical and structural studies reveal how low piconewton forces across actin enhance binding by the critical cell-cell adhesion protein α-catenin versus its force insensitive homolog vinculin.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of αE-catenin–F-actin catch bond behavior

    Xiao-Ping Xu et al.
    A molecular mechanism for force-dependent binding of the cell adhesion proteins αE-catenin and vinculin to actin is derived from the structure of the αE-catenin actin-binding domain bound to F-actin.
    1. Neuroscience

    How many neurons are sufficient for perception of cortical activity?

    Henry William Peter Dalgleish et al.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural encoding of task-dependent errors during adaptive learning

    Chang-Hao Kao et al.
    Posterior parietal cortex encodes errors in a task-dependent manner while a large array of frontal regions predict subsequent behavioral changes in response to ambiguous errors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Parallel global profiling of plant TOR dynamics reveals a conserved role for LARP1 in translation

    M Regina Scarpin et al.
    Plants and humans use a shared mechanism, the eukaryotic metabolic sensor TARGET OF RAPAMYCIN protein kinase and its substrate, an RNA-binding protein called LARP1, to coordinate post-transcriptional gene expression.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The effect of hybridization on transposable element accumulation in an undomesticated fungal species

    Mathieu Hénault et al.
    Transposable elements are not reactivated in natural hybrids of the yeast Saccharomyces paradoxus, but their accumulation is genotype-specific and is not predicted by the evolutionary divergence between a hybrid's parents.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cytotoxic T-cells mediate exercise-induced reductions in tumor growth

    Helene Rundqvist et al.
    Exercise can induce metabolic changes that strikingly impact cytotoxic T cell function and in turn affect cancer progression.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Beyond the RNA-dependent function of LncRNA genes

    Tamer Ali, Phillip Grote
    Recent examples demonstrate that already the transcriptional activity at lncRNA genes does have an important function on gene regulation, while the produced non-coding RNA might be dispensable.

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