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    1. Neuroscience

    Plasmon resonance and the imaging of metal-impregnated neurons with the laser scanning confocal microscope

    Karen J Thompson et al.
    A new method allows silver- and gold-labeled tissues to be imaged with confocal microscopy, avoiding the problem of fluorescence photobleaching.
    1. Cell Biology

    ERK8 is a negative regulator of O-GalNAc glycosylation and cell migration

    Joanne Chia et al.
    The ERK8 kinase blocks the export of glycosyl-tranferases from the Golgi to the endoplasmic reticulum, and thus subsequent O-glycosylation of proteins that otherwise enhance cell motility and tissue invasion.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Identification of scavenger receptor B1 as the airway microfold cell receptor for Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Haaris S Khan et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis penetrates the airway mucosa through M cells via the mycobacterial virulence factor EsxA and the host M cell surface receptor scavenger receptor B1.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Probe-Seq enables transcriptional profiling of specific cell types from heterogeneous tissue by RNA-based isolation

    Ryoji Amamoto et al.
    Probe-Seq is a cell type specific bulk RNA sequencing method that can be applied to a wide-ranging tissue types from both vertebrates and invertebrates without genetic labeling.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genome-wide identification of lineage and locus specific variation associated with pneumococcal carriage duration

    John A Lees et al.
    Sequence changes in the pneumococcal genome explain most of the variability in duration of asymptomatic carriage with serotype, antibiotic resistance and prophage accounting for the largest effects.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A molecular tweezer antagonizes seminal amyloids and HIV infection

    Edina Lump et al.
    CLR01 is a small molecule that could be an effective topical microbicide to eliminate HIV (and other enveloped viruses), and to antagonize host-encoded amyloid fibrils that promote HIV infection.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Chlamydia trachomatis-containing vacuole serves as deubiquitination platform to stabilize Mcl-1 and to interfere with host defense

    Annette Fischer et al.
    Obligate intracellular Chlamydia secrete a deubiquitinating enzyme (Cdu1) into the membrane of the Chlamydia-containing vacuole to deubiquitinate selected host proteins and support the survival of the bacteria during genital infection.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Inhibition of mTORC1 by ER stress impairs neonatal β-cell expansion and predisposes to diabetes in the Akita mouse

    Yael Riahi et al.
    mTORC1 inhibition by perinatal ER stress induces beta-cell growth arrest with subsequent development of diabetes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Actin is an evolutionarily-conserved damage-associated molecular pattern that signals tissue injury in Drosophila melanogaster

    Naren Srinivasan et al.
    Extracellular actin is an evolutionarily-conserved signal of tissue injury that is recognised in the fruit fly via similar machinery as reported in vertebrates.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A mutant Escherichia coli that attaches peptidoglycan to lipopolysaccharide and displays cell wall on its surface

    Marcin Grabowicz et al.
    A single mutation in Escherichia coli connects two essential cell envelope assembly pathways and confers vancomycin resistance by displaying molecular decoys at the cell surface.