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    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct roles of NMDA receptors at different stages of granule cell development in the adult brain

    Yangling Mu et al.
    NMDARs promote spine formation to control survival of adult-born granule cells, but gauge spine enlargement and recruitment of AMPARs in both developing and mature neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Insulin regulates POMC neuronal plasticity to control glucose metabolism

    Garron T Dodd et al.
    Feeding and fasting associated alterations in proopiomelanocortin neuronal responses to insulin coordinate glucose metabolism.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolution of substrate specificity in a retained enzyme driven by gene loss

    Ana Lilia Juárez-Vázquez et al.
    An integrated biochemical and evolutionary analysis shows how enzyme specificity evolves after gene loss during genome decay, implicating relaxation of purifying selection as a driving force for functional divergence.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    DAPK interacts with Patronin and the microtubule cytoskeleton in epidermal development and wound repair

    Marian Chuang et al.
    Genetic suppressor screens with C. elegans reveal a novel function for the Death Associated Protein Kinase in regulation of epithelial microtubule dynamics.
    1. Medicine

    The hepcidin regulator erythroferrone is a new member of the erythropoiesis-iron-bone circuitry

    Melanie Castro-Mollo et al.
    The hepcidin regulator erythroferrone functions by sequestering BMPs and is an important modulator of bone remodeling, providing new mechanistic insight into how premature osteoporosis persists in optimally transfused β-thalassemic patients.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stimulus salience determines defensive behaviors elicited by aversively conditioned serial compound auditory stimuli

    Sarah Hersman et al.
    Perceived imminence of threat and resulting intensity of defensive responses during serial compound stimulus conditioning are determined by auditory stimulus salience, not cue sequence as recently reported.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Direct binding of phosphatidylglycerol at specific sites modulates desensitization of a ligand-gated ion channel

    Ailing Tong et al.
    Phosphatidylglycerol binding at multiple sites stabilizes the open state relative to the desensitized state of a pentameric ligand-gated ion channel.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Epigenetic drift of H3K27me3 in aging links glycolysis to healthy longevity in Drosophila

    Zaijun Ma et al.
    Epigenetic drift of H3K27me3 is one of the molecular mechanisms that contribute to aging, and stimulation of glycolysis promotes metabolic health and longevity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and dynamics of a nanodisc by integrating NMR, SAXS and SANS experiments with molecular dynamics simulations

    Tone Bengtsen et al.
    Molecular simulations, small-angle X-ray and neutron scattering experiments and previously measured NMR experiments were combined to study the structure and dynamics of the proteins and lipids in a nanodisc.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Lola regulates Drosophila adult midgut homeostasis via non-canonical hippo signaling

    Xue Hao et al.
    The transcription factor Lola is defined as a non-canonical Hippo signaling component essential for Drosophila midgut homeostasis via its interaction with Warts and suppression on Dref and SkpA expression levels.