129 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Kinase-dead ATM protein is highly oncogenic and can be preferentially targeted by Topo-isomerase I inhibitors

    Kenta Yamamoto et al.
    Orphan ATM kinase-domain missense mutations are unexpectedly common and form a potent oncogenic event and a biomarker for Topo-isomerase I inhibitor based therapy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Extensive site-directed mutagenesis reveals interconnected functional units in the alkaline phosphatase active site

    Fanny Sunden et al.
    Conventional studies have focused on enzymatic residues directly involved in catalysis; dissecting a potential interaction network within which these ‘catalytic residues’ are embedded provides insights fundamental to enzyme function, evolution, and engineering.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Regulation of nerve growth and patterning by cell surface protein disulphide isomerase

    Geoffrey MW Cook et al.
    The nerve growth-repellent activity that generates spinal nerve repeat-patterning in birds and mammals is identified at the molecular level, and a similar system is revealed in adult brain grey matter.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Slowly folding surface extension in the prototypic avian hepatitis B virus capsid governs stability

    Cihan Makbul et al.
    Duck Hepatitis B core protein forms capsids with a slowly folding extension domain which folding competence is important for viral replication.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    The decoration of specialized metabolites influences stylar development

    Jiancai Li et al.
    Regulation of diterpene glycoside malonylation status influences stylar elongation through affecting auxin signaling in Nicotiana attenuata.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Shear stimulation of FOXC1 and FOXC2 differentially regulates cytoskeletal activity during lymphatic valve maturation

    Pieter R Norden et al.
    Genetic and molecular analyses show that FOXC1 and FOXC2 play a role in controlling lymphatic valve maintenance as key mediators of mechanotransduction to control cytoskeletal organization and RhoA/ROCK signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Lipid polarity gradient formed by ω-hydroxy lipids in tear film prevents dry eye disease

    Masatoshi Miyamoto et al.
    (O-Acyl)-ω-hydroxy fatty acids and their derivatives, produced by the fatty acid ω-hydroxylase Cyp4f39, form a lipid polarity gradient in the lipid layer of the tear film and prevent dry eye.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Co-movement of astral microtubules, organelles and F-actin by dynein and actomyosin forces in frog egg cytoplasm

    James F Pelletier et al.
    Live imaging of multiple cytoplasmic networks in frog egg extracts calls for new models for how egg cytoplasm is physically organized during cleavage divisions.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A small protein encoded by a putative lncRNA regulates apoptosis and tumorigenicity in human colorectal cancer cells

    Xiao Ling Li et al.
    Discovery and initial characterization of a conserved small protein translated from a transcript annotated as a human long non-coding RNA.
    1. Cell Biology

    Misfolded GPI-anchored proteins are escorted through the secretory pathway by ER-derived factors

    Eszter Zavodszky, Ramanujan S Hegde
    ER-resident chaperones and cargo receptors make excursions to the cell surface and endocytic compartments when they accompany misfolded clients to lysosomes for degradation.

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