1,285 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    E. coli TraR allosterically regulates transcription initiation by altering RNA polymerase conformation

    James Chen et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy structures, combined with biochemical experiments, show how the E. coli F element-encoded TraR protein regulates transcription initiation by altering RNA polymerase conformation and conformational heterogeneity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    AFF4 binding to Tat-P-TEFb indirectly stimulates TAR recognition of super elongation complexes at the HIV promoter

    Ursula Schulze-Gahmen et al.
    AFF4 increases the combined selectivity of HIV Tat and TAR for super elongation complexes 330-fold over P-TEFb alone.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Mammalian enhancer trap resource for discovering and manipulating neuronal cell types

    Yasuyuki Shima et al.
    A novel transposon-based enhancer trap screen in mice permits high throughput development of highly restricted driver strains targeting specific neuronal cell types.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Plant-virus Interactions: Caught in a TrAP

    Delfina A Ré, Pablo A Manavella
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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Geminivirus-encoded TrAP suppressor inhibits the histone methyltransferase SUVH4/KYP to counter host defense

    Claudia Castillo-González et al.
    A viral protein hijacks the key effector of transcriptional gene silencing, Su(var)3-9, to evade host plant surveillance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning induces the translin/trax RNase complex to express activin receptors for persistent memory

    Alan Jung Park et al.
    Combination of in vitro and in vivo approaches reveal how learning suppresses the microRNA system to trigger de novo synthesis of plasticity proteins, a missing link in the current model of microRNA-mediated translation in persistent synaptic plasticity and memory.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Lipid polarity gradient formed by ω-hydroxy lipids in tear film prevents dry eye disease

    Masatoshi Miyamoto et al.
    (O-Acyl)-ω-hydroxy fatty acids and their derivatives, produced by the fatty acid ω-hydroxylase Cyp4f39, form a lipid polarity gradient in the lipid layer of the tear film and prevent dry eye.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cryo-EM structure of the SAGA and NuA4 coactivator subunit Tra1 at 3.7 angstrom resolution

    Luis Miguel Díaz-Santín et al.
    An atomic model of the 3744-residue Tra1 protein reveals multiple transcription activator binding sites, its integration within the SAGA chromatin coactivator complex, and a striking similarity to DNA-repair factor DNA-PKcs.
    1. Neuroscience

    C. elegans avoids toxin-producing Streptomyces using a seven transmembrane domain chemosensory receptor

    Alan Tran et al.
    Caenorhabditis elegans require a GPCR to recognize and rapidly escape from toxin-producing Streptomyces at their head or tail.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary loss of foot muscle during development with characteristics of atrophy and no evidence of cell death

    Mai P Tran et al.
    Evolutionary loss of foot muscle in a bipedal rodent shares similarities with skeletal muscle atrophy, which is typically considered a pathological response to injury or disease.

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