348 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Circulating transforming growth factor-β1 facilitates remyelination in the adult central nervous system

    Machika Hamaguchi et al.
    Although central nervous system (CNS) regeneration has been considered to be controlled by CNS microenvironment, CNS injury causes leading to leakage of circulating factors into CNS, which promotes CNS regeneration.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The transforming growth factor beta signaling pathway is critical for the formation of CD4 T follicular helper cells and isotype-switched antibody responses in the lung mucosa

    Heather D Marshall et al.
    Differentiation of CD4 T cells into CD4 T follicular helper cells during viral infection in mice is promoted by tumor growth factor beta.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The transcription factor Pitx2 positions the embryonic axis and regulates twinning

    Angela Torlopp et al.
    In higher vertebrates, the position of the embryonic axis (the location at which gastrulation starts) is determined by the transcription factor Pitx2, which suggests that the mechanisms of this process, and hence those that regulate twinning, are related to those that set up the left–right axis.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    De-repression of the RAC activator ELMO1 in cancer stem cells drives progression of TGFβ-deficient squamous cell carcinoma from transition zones

    Heather A McCauley et al.
    A new mechanism connects the loss of TGFβ signaling with invasion and metastasis in highly malignant transition zone tumors.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of multicellularity by collective integration of spatial information

    Enrico Sandro Colizzi et al.
    Selection for undifferentiated multicellularity emerges in an evolutionary cell-based model because a collective of cells performs chemotaxis better than single cells in a noisy environment.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    An ABA-GA bistable switch can account for natural variation in the variability of Arabidopsis seed germination time

    Katie Abley et al.
    Arabidopsis shows extensive genetic diversity in germination time distributions, which can be explained by the underlying ABA/GA network functioning as a noisy bistable switch.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Genetic control of encoding strategy in a food-sensing neural circuit

    Giovanni Diana et al.
    Building on previous work (Entchev et al, 2015), computational analyses reveal that the choice between redundant versus synergistic encoding in a gene expression code for food abundance is controlled by cross-talk and auto-regulation among TGF-beta and serotonin pathways.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Point of View: Data science for the scientific life cycle

    Daphne Ezer, Kirstie Whitaker
    Each stage of the scientific life cycle stands to benefit from the introduction of data science techniques.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct modes of SMAD2 chromatin binding and remodeling shape the transcriptional response to NODAL/Activin signaling

    Davide M Coda et al.
    NODAL/Activin-induced SMAD2 binding directly drives remodeling of both open and closed chromatin and does not directly correlate with temporal patterns of gene expression upon prolonged signaling.

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