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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Specialization of the chromatin remodeler RSC to mobilize partially-unwrapped nucleosomes

    Alisha Schlichter et al.
    A SWI/SNF-family chromatin remodeling subcomplex from yeast is identified (RSC1) that is specialized to slide nucleosomes residing on DNA sequences that confer partial nucleosome unwrapping, with assistance from accessory factors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integration of Tmc1/2 into the mechanotransduction complex in zebrafish hair cells is regulated by Transmembrane O-methyltransferase (Tomt)

    Timothy Erickson et al.
    A zebrafish model for a particular form of human deafness (DFNB63) changes our view of this disease by revealing a defect in the localization of Transmembrane channel-like proteins that are essential for mechanotransduction in sensory cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A bend, flip and trap mechanism for transposon integration

    Elizabeth R Morris et al.
    Structural and biochemical analyses of a eukaryotic DNA transpososome in the integration step reveal how mariner/Tc1 transposons are selectively integrated into a TA target sequence.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Successful transmission and transcriptional deployment of a human chromosome via mouse male meiosis

    Christina Ernst et al.
    Transmission of an entire human chromosome through the mouse male germline reveals an unexpectedly high tolerance of aneuploidy during male meiosis and results in accurate transcriptional deployment despite massive epigenetic remodeling during spermatogenesis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Intracellular sphingosine releases calcium from lysosomes

    Doris Höglinger et al.
    Sphingosine acts as a lipid messenger molecule in intracellular signaling networks that are relevant to lysosomal function and Niemann-Pick disease.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Peroxiredoxin promotes longevity and H2O2-resistance in yeast through redox-modulation of protein kinase A

    Friederike Roger et al.
    The major cytosolic yeast peroxiredoxin Tsa1 controls aging and H2O2-resistance by inhibiting protein kinase A through a conserved cysteine in the catalytic subunit activation loop and not by scavenging H2O2.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Functional evaluation of transposable elements as enhancers in mouse embryonic and trophoblast stem cells

    Christopher D Todd et al.
    Genetic and epigenetic editing experiments establish causal links between transposon-derived enhancers and gene regulation in mouse embryonic and extraembryonic lineages.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of a late pre-40S ribosomal subunit from Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    André Heuer et al.
    Near atomic resolution of late 40S ribosomal subunit assembly by cryo-EM reveals immature rRNA active sites stabilized by biogenesis factors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Agonist-specific voltage-dependent gating of lysosomal two-pore Na+ channels

    Xiaoli Zhang et al.
    Tricyclic antidepressants activate lysosomal two-pore Na+ channels in a voltage-dependent manner.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dual function of the PI3K-Akt-mTORC1 axis in myelination of the peripheral nervous system

    Gianluca Figlia et al.
    High PI3K-Akt-mTORC1 activity inhibits Schwann cell differentiation, while after onset of myelination, residual PI3K-Akt-mTORC1 activity promotes myelin growth.