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    1. Neuroscience

    Spatiotemporally precise optogenetic activation of sensory neurons in freely walking Drosophila

    Brian D DeAngelis et al.
    A simple, computationally efficient method provides spatiotemporally precise optogenetic perturbations in freely walking Drosophila, revealing the asymmetries and region-specificity of behavioral programs evoked by activating mechanosensory and chemosensory neurons.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Sex-determining genes distinctly regulate courtship capability and target preference via sexually dimorphic neurons

    Kenichi Ishii et al.
    Sex-specific characteristics of the fruit fly courtship behavior are not specified by a single binary switch, but as a combination of traits that are modularly specified by separable genetic switches.
    1. Neuroscience

    A muscle-epidermis-glia signaling axis sustains synaptic specificity during allometric growth in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Jiale Fan et al.
    The work uncovers a muscle-epidermis-glia signaling axis, modulated by protease mig-17 and the basement membrane, that regulates synaptic allometry during growth in Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    PACT-mediated PKR activation acts as a hyperosmotic stress intensity sensor weakening osmoadaptation and enhancing inflammation

    Kenneth T Farabaugh et al.
    Changes in the interactome of the Rel family of transcription factors control adaptation to the environmental stress of hyperosmolarity and determine cell fate.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Determining the scale at which variation in a single gene changes population yields

    Erica McGale et al.
    Variation in the gene NaMPK4 in plant populations increases reproductive yield, an effect which appears to be independent of soil water availability, neighbor-scale interactions and associations with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The guide sRNA sequence determines the activity level of box C/D RNPs

    Andrea Graziadei et al.
    Integrative structural biology reveals a conformational equilibrium in the Box C/D methylation enzyme that regulates the extent of site-specific 2'-O-rRNA methylation in dependence of the RNA sequence.
    1. Neuroscience

    In vivo assessment of the neural substrate linked with vocal imitation accuracy

    Julie Hamaide et al.
    Song learning accuracy can be predicted and traced in the structural properties of the brains of juvenile male zebra finches already at 20 days post-hatching.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Toll-receptor map underlies structural brain plasticity

    Guiyi Li et al.
    Structural brain plasticity is encoded in the topographic distribution of Toll receptors and their ability to switch between alternative signalling outcomes, thus translating diverse sensory experience into structural change.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and physiological function of the human KCNQ1 channel voltage sensor intermediate state

    Keenan C Taylor et al.
    The intermediate state conformation of the human KCNQ1 potassium channel voltage sensor domain was determined, validated, and shown to be conductive under physiological conditions.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Effect of helical kink in antimicrobial peptides on membrane pore formation

    Alzbeta Tuerkova et al.
    Proline/glycine kink in the helical peptides affects the peptide ability to form membrane pores by stabilising toroidal pore structures but disrupting barrel-stave pore structures.