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    1. Neuroscience

    Oscillatory hyperactivity and hyperconnectivity in young APOE-ɛ4 carriers and hypoconnectivity in Alzheimer’s disease

    Loes Koelewijn et al.
    Electrophysiology pinpoints brain function abnormalities in young people genetically at risk of developing Alzheimer's disease much later in life, supporting theories of initial hyperconnectivity driving eventual profound disconnection.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Enterococcus faecium secreted antigen A generates muropeptides to enhance host immunity and limit bacterial pathogenesis

    Byungchul Kim et al.
    Enterococci faecium encodes unique peptidoglycan composition and remodeling activity that activates host immunity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Essential metabolism for a minimal cell

    Marian Breuer et al.
    A near-complete flux balance analysis model of a minimal cell demonstrates the high essentiality of its metabolic genes, agrees well with experimental essentiality data and suggests some further gene removals.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Deficit of mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase 1 (DUSP1) accelerates progressive hearing loss

    Adelaida M Celaya et al.
    Mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase 1 (DUSP1) deficiency causes early redox imbalance and increased inflammatory response in the cochlea, leading to cell loss and progressive neurosensory hearing loss.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Panton–Valentine leucocidin is the key determinant of Staphylococcus aureus pyomyositis in a bacterial GWAS

    Bernadette C Young et al.
    Genome-wide association studies have established staphylococcal pyomyositis as a disease whose pathogenesis depends critically on expression of a single toxin, Panton–Valentine leukocidin.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The phage L capsid decoration protein has a novel OB-fold and an unusual capsid binding strategy

    Rebecca L Newcomer et al.
    The structure of phage L's Dec demonstrates a new fold within this family of proteins, and shows modulation of capsid binding occurs through two sites, with site 1 being preferred.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Bichir external gills arise via heterochronic shift that accelerates hyoid arch development

    Jan Stundl et al.
    Unique heterochrony in the cranial segments in bichirs triggers the early formation of their external gills, and might be informative about developmental mechanisms facilitating increased breathing capacity.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Impaired ABCA1/ABCG1-mediated lipid efflux in the mouse retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) leads to retinal degeneration

    Federica Storti et al.
    Lipid efflux by the retinal pigment epithelium is crucial for proper retinal integrity and function, and its impairment may contribute to diseases like age-related macular degeneration.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Long-term balancing selection drives evolution of immunity genes in Capsella

    Daniel Koenig et al.
    Retention of genetic diversity at immune-related loci drives the pattern of genetic variation in selfing Capsella.
    1. Cell Biology

    Aurora A depletion reveals centrosome-independent polarization mechanism in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Kerstin Klinkert et al.
    Experiments reveal mechanisms through which Caenorhabditis elegans zygotes depleted of Aurora A or lacking centrosomes spontaneously establish two posterior PAR-2 domains, one at each pole, in a curvature-dependent manner.