673 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Diverse fates of uracilated HIV-1 DNA during infection of myeloid lineage cells

    Erik C Hansen et al.
    Uracil/adenine base pairs in HIV-1 DNA are attacked by the uracil base excision repair machinery in macrophages, which leads to HIV restriction and viral genome diversification by transcription-associated mutagenesis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Research: A comprehensive and quantitative exploration of thousands of viral genomes

    Gita Mahmoudabadi, Rob Phillips
    A compendium of critical genomic numbers for viruses through the lenses of different viral classification systems.
    1. Plant Biology

    Antimicrobial peptide expression in a wild tobacco plant reveals the limits of host-microbe-manipulations in the field

    Arne Weinhold et al.
    The attempt to manipulate a microbiome in planta to study the ecological consequences under field conditions leaves plants and their microbes surprisingly unimpressed.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cooperative interactions enable singular olfactory receptor expression in mouse olfactory neurons

    Kevin Monahan et al.
    Biochemical and genetic experiments show that Ebf and Lhx2 cooperate to specify olfactory receptor enhancers, which cooperate to drive olfactory receptor expression.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Fusion surface structure, function, and dynamics of gamete fusogen HAP2

    Juan Feng et al.
    Structure, dynamics, and mutation of a gamete fusion protein and comparisons to viral homologues suggest that after trimerization the domain bearing the membrane-inserting fusion loops can pivot with respect to the trimer 3-fold axis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Embryonic hematopoiesis modulates the inflammatory response and larval hematopoiesis in Drosophila

    Wael Bazzi et al.
    Distinct hematopoietic waves interact via transcriptional cascades specific to embryonic hemocytes to ensure the proper immune response in Drosophila.​.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Computational prediction of CTCF/cohesin-based intra-TAD loops that insulate chromatin contacts and gene expression in mouse liver

    Bryan J Matthews, David J Waxman
    Certain types of 3D chromatin loops are easy to predict from existing or easily obtainable 2D information, which benefits gene expression studies in tissues/cells/organisms without extensive pre-existing 3D information.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The fail-safe mechanism of post-transcriptional silencing of unspliced HAC1 mRNA

    Rachael Di Santo et al.
    The unspliced HAC1 mRNA does not give rise to detectable protein in budding yeast, despite its cytoplasmic localization, due to a two-part post-transcriptional silencing mechanism.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular architecture of the 90S small subunit pre-ribosome

    Qi Sun et al.
    The nearly complete architecture of the gigantic 90S precursor of small ribosomal subunit is determined by cryo-EM.
    1. Neuroscience

    Physiological and pathophysiological control of synaptic GluN2B-NMDA receptors by the C-terminal domain of amyloid precursor protein

    Paula A Pousinha et al.
    The APP intracellular domain (AICD) physiologically regulates synaptic GluN2B-containing NMDA receptor current, a process that could contribute to pathological Alzheimer's disease-related synaptic failure upon increase of AICD levels in adult neurons.

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