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    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TGF-β reduces DNA ds-break repair mechanisms to heighten genetic diversity and adaptability of CD44+/CD24− cancer cells

    Debjani Pal et al.
    Phenotypic diversity and cell state transition (i.e., acquisition of a CD44+/CD24- cell state or exposure to TGF-beta) can spur intra-tumor genetic heterogeneity and contribute to acquired resistance.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Functional and mutational landscapes of BRCA1 for homology-directed repair and therapy resistance

    Rachel W Anantha et al.
    Systematic analyses of natural variants and artificial mutants establish functional landscapes of BRCA1 for homology-directed repair (HDR) and therapy resistance and identify the BRCA1-PALB2 interaction as a key control point for HDR pathway choice.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cyclin A/Cdk1 modulates Plk1 activity in prometaphase to regulate kinetochore-microtubule attachment stability

    Ana Maria G Dumitru et al.
    Quantitative phosphoproteomics defines the substrates for Cyclin A/Cdk1 kinase during early mitosis and follow up studies validate that one identified substrate, MYPT1, influences the stability of k-MT attachments by regulating Plk1.
    1. Cell Biology

    Tethering of an E3 ligase by PCM1 regulates the abundance of centrosomal KIAA0586/Talpid3 and promotes ciliogenesis

    Lei Wang et al.
    Ciliogenesis is regulated by a certain group of centriolar satellite proteins, among which an E3 ligase is tethered by PCM1 to maintain the normal level of pro-ciliogenic protein on centrioles.
    1. Cell Biology

    Generation of stress fibers through myosin-driven reorganization of the actin cortex

    Jaakko I Lehtimäki et al.
    Live-cell microscopy studies revealed that stress fibers can be generated de novo from the actin cortex without the involvement of stress fiber precursors.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Revealing architectural order with quantitative label-free imaging and deep learning

    Syuan-Ming Guo et al.
    Advances in quantitative phase and polarized light microscopy, combined with deep learning, reveal the architecture of human brain tissue.
    1. Cell Biology

    SIRT6 is a DNA double-strand break sensor

    Lior Onn et al.
    Hundreds of proteins are involved in the DNA damage response but only three sensors for DSB were known but now SIRT6 is identified as a fourth DSB sensor.
    1. Cell Biology

    Kinesin Kif2C in regulation of DNA double strand break dynamics and repair

    Songli Zhu et al.
    Kinesin Kif2C is recruited to DNA damage sites, modulates the mobility and dynamics of DNA damage foci, and promotes DNA double strand break repair.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    TRAIP drives replisome disassembly and mitotic DNA repair synthesis at sites of incomplete DNA replication

    Remi Sonneville et al.
    The TRAIP ubiquitin ligase is required during mitosis to disassemble the replisome at sites of incomplete DNA replication, and activate the mitotic DNA repair pathway, thus preserving genome integrity.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF4E harnesses hyaluronan production to drive its malignant activity

    Hiba Ahmad Zahreddine et al.
    The eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF4E induces hyaluronic acid (HA) synthesis to drive cancer metastasis which can be reversed following eIF4E inhibition and HA degradation.