3,989 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Aire-dependent genes undergo Clp1-mediated 3’UTR shortening associated with higher transcript stability in the thymus

    Clotilde Guyon et al.
    The Aire-dependent genes show a preference for short 3’UTR transcript isoforms resulting in the escape from the post-transcriptional repression mediated by miRNAs in medullary thymic epithelial cells.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Free-living human cells reconfigure their chromosomes in the evolution back to uni-cellularity

    Jin Xu et al.
    Human cell lines regress to become ‘de-sexualized’ by reconfiguring to a 2:3 X/A ratio of high fitness, thus shedding light on the evolution of mammalian sex chromosomes.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Planting molecular functions in an ecological context with Arabidopsis thaliana

    Ute Krämer
    Research in molecular ecology and evolution is increasingly utilizing the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, placing a spotlight on its natural history.
    1. Cell Biology

    A mitochondria-anchored isoform of the actin-nucleating spire protein regulates mitochondrial division

    Uri Manor et al.
    An actin nucleating protein, Spire1C, localizes to the mitochondrial outer membrane and interacts with the endoplasmic reticulum-anchored formin protein INF2 to drive mitochondrial fission.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Increasing Notch signaling antagonizes PRC2-mediated silencing to promote reprograming of germ cells into neurons

    Stefanie Seelk et al.
    Increased Notch signaling enhances germ cell reprograming in C. elegans by antagonizing PRC2-mediated repression, which results in the activation of UTX-1 and other reprograming-promoting genes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genetically diverse uropathogenic Escherichia coli adopt a common transcriptional program in patients with UTIs

    Anna Sintsova et al.
    Conserved transcriptomic profile of uropathogenic E. coli in patients identifies an infection-specific metabolic state.
    1. Cell Biology

    Uni-directional ciliary membrane protein trafficking by a cytoplasmic retrograde IFT motor and ciliary ectosome shedding

    Muqing Cao et al.
    During cilium-generated signaling, ciliary membrane protein trafficking is unidirectional and ciliary membrane protein composition is regulated through action in the cytoplasm of the retrograde intraflagelllar transport (IFT) motor and shedding of ciliary ectosomes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A complex IRES at the 5'-UTR of a viral mRNA assembles a functional 48S complex via an uAUG intermediate

    Ritam Neupane et al.
    The ribosome bound structure of a new IRES reveals novel architecture features used by viruses to hijack cellular translation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Circadian RNA expression elicited by 3’-UTR IRAlu-paraspeckle associated elements

    Manon Torres et al.
    Circadian gene expression can be driven by a post-transcriptional mechanism involving circadian mRNA nuclear retention by paraspeckle nuclear bodies.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Design principles of autocatalytic cycles constrain enzyme kinetics and force low substrate saturation at flux branch points

    Uri Barenholz et al.
    The stability of metabolic autocatalytic cycles that are widespread in central metabolism limits the affinities of enzymes at flux branch points and explains excess expression of these enzymes.

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