2,295 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Free-living human cells reconfigure their chromosomes in the evolution back to uni-cellularity

    Jin Xu et al.
    Human cell lines regress to become ‘de-sexualized’ by reconfiguring to a 2:3 X/A ratio of high fitness, thus shedding light on the evolution of mammalian sex chromosomes.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Planting molecular functions in an ecological context with Arabidopsis thaliana

    Ute Krämer
    Research in molecular ecology and evolution is increasingly utilizing the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, placing a spotlight on its natural history.
    1. Cell Biology

    A mitochondria-anchored isoform of the actin-nucleating spire protein regulates mitochondrial division

    Uri Manor et al.
    An actin nucleating protein, Spire1C, localizes to the mitochondrial outer membrane and interacts with the endoplasmic reticulum-anchored formin protein INF2 to drive mitochondrial fission.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Increasing Notch signaling antagonizes PRC2-mediated silencing to promote reprograming of germ cells into neurons

    Stefanie Seelk et al.
    Increased Notch signaling enhances germ cell reprograming in C. elegans by antagonizing PRC2-mediated repression, which results in the activation of UTX-1 and other reprograming-promoting genes.
    1. Cell Biology

    Uni-directional ciliary membrane protein trafficking by a cytoplasmic retrograde IFT motor and ciliary ectosome shedding

    Muqing Cao et al.
    During cilium-generated signaling, ciliary membrane protein trafficking is unidirectional and ciliary membrane protein composition is regulated through action in the cytoplasm of the retrograde intraflagelllar transport (IFT) motor and shedding of ciliary ectosomes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Circadian RNA expression elicited by 3’-UTR IRAlu-paraspeckle associated elements

    Manon Torres et al.
    Circadian gene expression can be driven by a post-transcriptional mechanism involving circadian mRNA nuclear retention by paraspeckle nuclear bodies.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Design principles of autocatalytic cycles constrain enzyme kinetics and force low substrate saturation at flux branch points

    Uri Barenholz et al.
    The stability of metabolic autocatalytic cycles that are widespread in central metabolism limits the affinities of enzymes at flux branch points and explains excess expression of these enzymes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Recurrent gain of function mutation in calcium channel CACNA1H causes early-onset hypertension with primary aldosteronism

    Ute I Scholl et al.
    A novel Mendelian disease featuring early-onset hypertension is caused by a recurrent gain of function mutation in CACNA1H, which encodes the voltage-gated calcium channel Cav3.2.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A non-canonical mechanism for Crm1-export cargo complex assembly

    Ute Fischer et al.
    Slx9 is a newly discovered type of RanGTP-binding protein required for Crm1-mediated nuclear export.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional role of the type 1 pilus rod structure in mediating host-pathogen interactions

    Caitlin N Spaulding et al.
    The helical rod structure and dynamic spring-like properties of the type 1 pilus are evolutionarily fine-tuned for functioning in host-pathogen interactions during urinary tract infection and gut colonization.

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