121 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IL-21/type I interferon interplay regulates neutrophil-dependent innate immune responses to Staphylococcus aureus

    Rosanne Spolski et al.
    Neutrophil-dependent innate immune responses to the human pathogen, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, are modulated by an interplay between interleukin-21 and type 1 interferons.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Deficit of mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase 1 (DUSP1) accelerates progressive hearing loss

    Adelaida M Celaya et al.
    Mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase 1 (DUSP1) deficiency causes early redox imbalance and increased inflammatory response in the cochlea, leading to cell loss and progressive neurosensory hearing loss.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Sox9+ messenger cells orchestrate large-scale skeletal regeneration in the mammalian rib

    Stephanie T Kuwahara et al.
    Large-scale skeletal regeneration requires Hh signaling in Sox9+ lineage cells to coordinate callus formation and bone repair.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Dynamic repression by BCL6 controls the genome-wide liver response to fasting and steatosis

    Meredith A Sommars et al.
    B cell lymphoma 6 (BCL6) represses fasting gene expression by opposing peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARa) activity at enhancers, and its ablation protects against steatosis by enhancing fatty acid catabolism.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasticity of Escherichia coli cell wall metabolism promotes fitness and antibiotic resistance across environmental conditions

    Elizabeth A Mueller et al.
    Environmental specialization of bacterial cell wall synthases influences intrinsic resistance to cell wall active antibiotics.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Programmed conversion of hypertrophic chondrocytes into osteoblasts and marrow adipocytes within zebrafish bones

    Dion Giovannone et al.
    Cartilage cells transition through a proliferative intermediate to give rise to bone and marrow fat cells in long bones.
    1. Neuroscience

    Overriding FUS autoregulation in mice triggers gain-of-toxic dysfunctions in RNA metabolism and autophagy-lysosome axis

    Shuo-Chien Ling et al.
    Elevating FUS level by saturating autoregulation loop in mice causes aggressive motor neuron disease via disrupting protein and RNA homeostasis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Pyrophosphate modulates plant stress responses via SUMOylation

    M Görkem Patir-Nebioglu et al.
    In vivo inhibition of SUMO activating E1-enzymes by pyrophosphate reveals a mode of integrating metabolism and stress tolerance that is conserved across kingdoms.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    FACT and Ubp10 collaborate to modulate H2B deubiquitination and nucleosome dynamics

    Melesse Nune et al.
    The histone chaperone FACT and the deubiquitinating enzyme Ubp10 act in concert to remove ubiquitin from histone H2B in nucleosomes, and likely coordinate nucleosome assembly during DNA replication and transcription.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 Vpu is a potent transcriptional suppressor of NF-κB-elicited antiviral immune responses

    Simon Langer et al.
    By inhibiting the activation of NF-κB, HIV-1 Vpu exerts much broader immunosuppressive effects than previously anticipated and may be an important determinant of chronic inflammation in HIV-1 infected individuals.

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