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    1. Neuroscience

    P1 interneurons promote a persistent internal state that enhances inter-male aggression in Drosophila

    Eric D Hoopfer et al.
    A sexually dimorphic circuit node controls a persistent, internal state that promotes fighting and mating in Drosophila, revealing parallels with mammalian systems suggestive of a conserved circuit "motif" controlling social behaviors.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Stem cell regionalization during olfactory bulb neurogenesis depends on regulatory interactions between Vax1 and Pax6

    Nathalie Coré et al.
    Vax1 suppresses dopaminergic neuron phenotype by inhibiting Pax6 expression in the subventricular zone of the lateral ventricle and is necessary to generate Calbindin interneurons for the postnatal olfactory bulb.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptic mechanisms underlying modulation of locomotor-related motoneuron output by premotor cholinergic interneurons

    Filipe Nascimento et al.
    The pairing of chemogenetic and electrophysiological approaches reveals mechanisms by which cholinergic synapses modulate the final motor output of the nervous system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Septal cholinergic input to CA2 hippocampal region controls social novelty discrimination via nicotinic receptor-mediated disinhibition

    Domenico Pimpinella et al.
    Acetylcholine, released from cholinergic fibers originating from the medial septum, shapes social memory, and controls the CA2 hippocampal circuit via nicotinic receptors localized on GABAergic interneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spinal V2b neurons reveal a role for ipsilateral inhibition in speed control

    Rebecca A Callahan et al.
    Two anatomically and genetically distinct subtypes of spinal V2b neurons provide inhibition onto motor circuits and serve as a brake on locomotor speed.
    1. Neuroscience

    Organization of the Drosophila larval visual circuit

    Ivan Larderet et al.
    The synaptic connectome of the Drosophila larval visual circuit is the first case of a completely reconstructed visual network in a genetically fully tractable model organism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Computational modeling of brainstem circuits controlling locomotor frequency and gait

    Jessica Ausborn et al.
    A new computational model of brainstem control of locomotor speed and gait was developed to reproduce and explain recent experimental data and propose predictions for subsequent experimental testing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell-type-specific control of basolateral amygdala neuronal circuits via entorhinal cortex-driven feedforward inhibition

    E Mae Guthman et al.
    Sst+ interneurons drive feedforward inhibition in the basolateral amygdala, and thus provide a framework for why interneuron subtypes may mediate different archetypal circuit motifs across different brain regions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatiotemporal interplay between multisensory excitation and recruited inhibition in the lamprey optic tectum

    Andreas A Kardamakis et al.
    Signals conveyed from two different senses from a given point in space converge onto the same neurons of the optic tectum that trigger the gaze-control-system, and at the same time inhibit other parts of the tectal motor map.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chronic postnatal chemogenetic activation of forebrain excitatory neurons evokes persistent changes in mood behavior

    Sthitapranjya Pati et al.
    Enhanced Gq-signaling-mediated activation of forebrain excitatory neurons in postnatal life programs enhanced anxiety-, despair- and schizophrenia-like behavior, recapitulating key aspects of the behavioral consequences of early life adversity.