246 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    'Artiphysiology' reveals V4-like shape tuning in a deep network trained for image classification

    Dean A Pospisil et al.
    Single units in a deep convolutional neural network trained for image classification develop shape selectivity that is similar to that found in the primate visual cortex.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Attention stabilizes the shared gain of V4 populations

    Neil C Rabinowitz et al.
    Populations of neurons in the macaque visual cortex are subject to shared fluctuations in gain; these signals exhibit anatomical and functional structure, and their variability is diminished under attention.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic representation of partially occluded objects in primate prefrontal and visual cortex

    Amber M Fyall et al.
    Complementary neural codes in frontal and visual cortex support a role for feedback signals in the representation and recognition of partially occluded objects.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetically induced low-frequency correlations impair perception

    Anirvan Nandy et al.
    Low-frequency correlations among neurons in monkey visual area V4 impair the animal's ability to perform an attention-demanding task, suggesting a causal role of these fluctuations in perception.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Revised roles of ISL1 in a hES cell-based model of human heart chamber specification

    Roberto Quaranta et al.
    Loss and gain-of-function investigation uncovers a regulatory network controlling human heart chamber specification in which the cardiac precursor gene ISL1 accelerates ventricular induction and antagonizes retinoic acid-driven atrial commitment.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    A single, continuous metric to define tiered serum neutralization potency against HIV

    Peter Hraber et al.
    To quantify serum or antibody activity against HIV-1, logistic regression of single-dilution neutralization outcomes can efficiently summarize neutralization potency and indicate which samples may lack sufficient statistical support, for high-throughput screening in large-scale vaccine trials.
    1. Neuroscience

    A quantitative theory of gamma synchronization in macaque V1

    Eric Lowet et al.
    Gamma-band synchronization behavior in area V1 was predicted by weakly coupled oscillator principles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuropathological and transcriptomic characteristics of the aged brain

    Jeremy A Miller et al.
    High variability in neuropathology burden and interactions between dementia diagnosis and RNA quality present underappreciated complications when studying dementia in an aged population.
    1. Neuroscience

    Task-dependent recurrent dynamics in visual cortex

    Satohiro Tajima et al.
    A decoding-based, state-space reconstruction reveals that neurons in macaque IT cortex change the structure of their collective attractor dynamics depending on task contexts.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A novel perivascular cell population in the zebrafish brain

    Marina Venero Galanternik et al.
    A new brain perivascular cell type in the zebrafish related to mammalian Fluorescent Granular Perithelial (FGP) cells emerges directly from endothelium during early development.

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