1,692 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    MeCP2 in cholinergic interneurons of nucleus accumbens regulates fear learning

    Ying Zhang et al.
    Robust fear learning deficits and decreased tonic activity of NAc cholinergic interneurons caused by depletion of MeCP2 could be attributed to an elevation in α2-containing GABAA receptors.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Live-cell single particle imaging reveals the role of RNA polymerase II in histone H2A.Z eviction

    Anand Ranjan et al.
    Histone variant H2A.Z is deposited near transcription start sites by the chromatin remodeler SWR1 and seems to be removed by RNA polymerase II at an early stage of transcription elongation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Universally high transcript error rates in bacteria

    Weiyi Li, Michael Lynch
    Fundamental details of the rate and molecular spectrum of transcript errors were revealed in four bacterial species, providing novel insights into transcriptional fidelity and RNA quality-control in prokaryotes.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Disease-associated mutations in the human TRPM3 render the channel overactive via two distinct mechanisms

    Siyuan Zhao et al.
    Disease-associated mutants of the TRPM3 ion channel are overactive, and they are inhibited by the antiepileptic medication primidone, offering a potential therapeutic intervention to treat this channelopathy.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A CLC-ec1 mutant reveals global conformational change and suggests a unifying mechanism for the CLC Cl/H+ transport cycle

    Tanmay S Chavan et al.
    Crystallography together with electron-resonance spectroscopy, molecular-dynamics simulations, and transport measurements reveal the molecular details of protein conformational change, and how this change contributes to function in a CLC-type chloride/proton exchanger.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Activated αIIbβ3 on platelets mediates flow-dependent NETosis via SLC44A2

    Adela Constantinescu-Bercu et al.
    The interaction between activated αIIbβ3 on platelets and SLC44A2 on circulating neutrophils facilitates neutrophil capture and drives flow-dependent NETosis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Asymmetric clustering of centrosomes defines the early evolution of tetraploid cells

    Nicolaas C Baudoin et al.
    Newly formed tetraploid cells rapidly lose extra centrosomes acquired upon tetraploidization via asymmetric centrosome clustering during cell division and selective advantage of tetraploid daughter cells that inherit a single centrosome.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Nodal and planar cell polarity signaling cooperate to regulate zebrafish convergence and extension gastrulation movements

    Margot LK Williams, Lilianna Solnica-Krezel
    Nodal signaling regulates gastrulation cell behaviors largely in parallel with planar cell polarity signaling and is sufficient for ex vivo extension of embryonic explants.
    1. Cell Biology

    Loss of Ena/VASP interferes with lamellipodium architecture, motility and integrin-dependent adhesion

    Julia Damiano-Guercio et al.
    Ena/VASP proteins act as positive regulators of cell motility and are required for the formation of microspikes, as opposed to filopodia that can arise from distinct molecular mechanisms.

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