2,269 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    A century of trends in adult human height

    NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC)
    Height in early adulthood is an indicator that integrates across different dimensions of sustainable human development with links to health and longevity, nutrition, education and economic productivity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    ML277 specifically enhances the fully activated open state of KCNQ1 by modulating VSD-pore coupling

    Panpan Hou et al.
    ML277 exclusively enhances the AO state voltage-sensing domain (VSD)-pore coupling of KCNQ1 channels, providing an effective tool to investigate the voltge-dependent gating and new strategies for treating long QT syndrome.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    VCP-dependent muscle degeneration is linked to defects in a dynamic tubular lysosomal network in vivo

    Alyssa E Johnson et al.
    The AAA-ATPase VCP sustains sarcoplasmic proteostasis, in part, by controlling autophagosome-lysosome fusion and the integrity of a dynamic tubular lysosomal network.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A Dynamic molecular basis for malfunction in disease mutants of p97/VCP

    Anne K Schuetz, Lewis E Kay
    Point mutations in a ubiquitous human ATPase called p97/VCP deregulate inter-domain communication, resulting in impaired binding of an adaptor that recruits p97 to endosomal pathways and leading to a degenerative disease of bone, muscle and neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Valosin-containing protein (VCP/p97) inhibitors relieve Mitofusin-dependent mitochondrial defects due to VCP disease mutants

    Ting Zhang et al.
    A potential medication has been found for the brain and muscle degenerative diseases caused by mutant forms of Valosin-Containing Protein.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanism of synergistic activation of Arp2/3 complex by cortactin and N-WASP

    Luke A Helgeson, Brad J Nolen
    Single-molecule TIRF microscopy, biochemical assays and mathematical modeling demonstrate how actin-branch nucleation by the Arp2/3 complex is coordinately regulated by two biochemically distinct activators.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Heterogeneous contributions of change in population distribution of body mass index to change in obesity and underweight

    NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC)
    Changes in the prevalence of underweight, total obesity, and severe obesity are largely driven by shifts in the distribution of body mass index.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Conservation and divergence of related neuronal lineages in the Drosophila central brain

    Ying-Jou Lee et al.
    Comprehensive, high-resolution lineage mapping of the fly brain reveals straightforward rules that drive neuronal complexity and probable evidence of brain evolution.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The final step of 40S ribosomal subunit maturation is controlled by a dual key lock

    Laura Plassart et al.
    Cryo-EM and functional studies reveal how combined action of proteins RPS26/eS26 and RIO1 allows late precursors to the human small ribosomal particle to be matured into fully translation-competent 40S subunits.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transcriptional down-regulation of ccr5 in a subset of HIV+ controllers and their family members

    Elena Gonzalo-Gil et al.
    A subset of EC/VCs have CD4+T cells with resistance specific to R5-tropic HIV infection associated with transcriptional down-regulation of ccr5, a phenotype that appears to be heritable, across multiple generations.

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