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    1. Neuroscience

    Leptin increases sympathetic nerve activity via induction of its own receptor in the paraventricular nucleus

    Zhigang Shi et al.
    Leptin acts in the paraventricular nucleus to slowly increase sympathetic nerve activity to skeletal muscle and brown adipose tissue via induction of its own receptor in TRH glutamatergic neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microglia TREM2R47H Alzheimer-linked variant enhances excitatory transmission and reduces LTP via increased TNF-α levels

    Siqiang Ren et al.
    Analysis of rats carrying the microglia gene and Alzheimer risk factor Trem2R47H variant shows increased glutamatergic transmission via supraphysiological TNF-α brain concentrations, linking a microglia pathogenic variant to neuronal dysfunction.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Hair follicle dermal condensation forms via Fgf20 primed cell cycle exit, cell motility, and aggregation

    Leah C Biggs et al.
    The hair follicle dermal condensate is populated via migration, and the cells exhibit early changes in cell shape and cell cycle status; Fgf20 primes these cellular and molecular events.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Tailless/TLX reverts intermediate neural progenitors to stem cells driving tumourigenesis via repression of asense/ASCL1

    Anna E Hakes, Andrea H Brand
    Increased expression of Drosophila Tailless (TLX homologue) reverts intermediate progenitors to neural stem cells, inducing tumourigenesis via Asense repression and reflecting mutually exclusive TLX and ASCL1 expression in human glioblastoma.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Nucleophosmin integrates within the nucleolus via multi-modal interactions with proteins displaying R-rich linear motifs and rRNA

    Diana M Mitrea et al.
    Nucleolar protein localization involves the phase separation within the nucleolar matrix via three types of multivalent features: acidic tracts, nucleic acid binding domains and arginine-rich low complexity sequences.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Translational control of nociception via 4E-binding protein 1

    Arkady Khoutorsky et al.
    The mTOR downstream effector eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (4E-BP1) regulates mechanical nociception via translational control of synaptic transmission in the spinal cord.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Stimulus-selective crosstalk via the NF-κB signaling system reinforces innate immune response to alleviate gut infection

    Balaji Banoth et al.
    The integration of signals via the pleiotropic NF-kappaB (NF-κB) system enables microenvironmental cues to tune cellular responses to pathogenic substances.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activation of the dopaminergic pathway from VTA to the medial olfactory tubercle generates odor-preference and reward

    Zhijian Zhang et al.
    The VTA-mOT DAergic pathway mediates a variety of naturalistic reward processes and different types of preferences including odor-preference.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Hedgehog signaling via Gli2 prevents obesity induced by high-fat diet in adult mice

    Yu Shi, Fanxin Long
    Targeted activation of Hedgehog signalling via Gli2 facilitated the reduction of high-fat-diet-induced obesity and improvement of whole-body glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in adult mice.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Tumor suppression in basal keratinocytes via dual non-cell-autonomous functions of a Na,K-ATPase beta subunit

    Julia Hatzold et al.
    A Na,K-ATPase beta subunit can suppress basal cell carcinogenesis either via its osmoregulatory function to avoid hypotonic stress, or by promoting epithelial polarity and adhesiveness of basal keratinocytes from the overlying outer layer.