59 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    eIF2B activator prevents neurological defects caused by a chronic integrated stress response

    Yao Liang Wong et al.
    Boosting the function of translation factor eIF2B by chronic small molecule administration prevents pathology in a neurodegenerative model of Vanishing White Matter disease characterized by a maladaptive stress response.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Random-sequence genetic oligomer pools display an innate potential for ligation and recombination

    Hannes Mutschler et al.
    Random sequence RNA pools display an innate capacity for ligation and recombination, enabling them to “bootstrap” themselves towards higher compositional, informational and structural complexity.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Reversal of ApoE4-induced recycling block as a novel prevention approach for Alzheimer’s disease

    Xunde Xian et al.
    Lowering endosomal pH through inhibition of sodium-hydrogen exchanger 6 corrects the ApoE4-induced Reelin resistance and restores neuronal glutamate receptor trafficking.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar learning using perturbations

    Guy Bouvier et al.
    A proposal for a complete cellular/network implementation of trial-and-error motor learning in the olivo-cerebellar system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Analogue closed-loop optogenetic modulation of hippocampal pyramidal cells dissociates gamma frequency and amplitude

    Elizabeth Nicholson et al.
    Neurons can synchronize, supporting flexible communication among brain areas; closed-loop optogenetics allows the frequency and power of population oscillations to be dissociated, providing a tool to interrogate how networks couple.
    1. Neuroscience

    Receptive field center-surround interactions mediate context-dependent spatial contrast encoding in the retina

    Maxwell H Turner et al.
    In the retina, the receptive field surround preserves the spatial contrast sensitivity of the center in the face of naturalistic changes in local luminance.
    1. Neuroscience

    A complex peripheral code for salt taste in Drosophila

    Alexandria H Jaeger et al.
    Unlike other taste modalities, the Drosophila taste system encodes salt taste combinatorially across multiple sensory neuron classes, which combine to produce behavioural valence and plasticity.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cellular localization of the cell cycle inhibitor Cdkn1c controls growth arrest of adult skeletal muscle stem cells

    Despoina Mademtzoglou et al.
    Ablation of the Cdkn1c cell cycle inhibitor leads to defective muscle stem cell dynamics and myogenic potential, while progressive cytoplasmic to nuclear cellular localization of the Cdkn1c protein regulates growth arrest.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 searches DNA via a ‘monkey bar’ mechanism

    Johannes Rudolph et al.
    By moving between DNA segments like a child swinging on monkey bars, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 explores possible DNA damage sites more effectively.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Antibiotic-induced acceleration of type 1 diabetes alters maturation of innate intestinal immunity

    Xue-Song Zhang et al.
    Alteration of host gut microbiota by antibiotic exposure in early life remodeled host intestinal immune development and metabolism and enhanced the induction of type 1 diabetes in genetically predisposed animals.

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