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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Developmental Biology

    HIF-2α is essential for carotid body development and function

    David Macias et al.
    Genetic and physiological analyses demonstrate the essential role of the transcription factor HIF-2alpha in the sympathetic nervous system control of the ventilatory response to hypoxia.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dipolar extracellular potentials generated by axonal projections

    Thomas McColgan et al.
    Action potentials propagating in axon bundles with bifurcating and terminating fibers cause strong and far-reaching extracellular potentials.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reward-based training of recurrent neural networks for cognitive and value-based tasks

    H Francis Song et al.
    A two-part neural network models reward-based training and provides a unified framework in which to study diverse computations that can be compared to electrophysiological recordings from behaving animals.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Long non-coding RNAs as a source of new peptides

    Jorge Ruiz-Orera et al.
    Ribosome profiling data from several eukaryotic species provides strong evidence that many long non-coding RNA molecules encode novel short proteins.
    1. Neuroscience

    Externally induced frontoparietal synchronization modulates network dynamics and enhances working memory performance

    Ines R Violante et al.
    Externally induced synchronous/desynchronous oscillations during working memory performance reveal distinct patterns of brain activity and connectivity across large-scale networks recruited by the task.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dendritic trafficking faces physiologically critical speed-precision tradeoffs

    Alex H Williams et al.
    A simple model of active transport in neurons allows intracellular cargo to find sites of demand using only local signals, but predicts long delays in distributing cargo throughout a dendritic tree.
    1. Neuroscience

    Quantitative neuroanatomy for connectomics in Drosophila

    Casey M Schneider-Mizell et al.
    A new method that uses the cellular neuroanatomy of neuronal connectivity to quickly and robustly reconstruct neuronal circuits in Drosophila from large electron microscopy volumes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic reinforcement learning for integrating reward collection and physiological stability

    Mehdi Keramati, Boris Gutkin
    A mathematical model built around the assumption that the desire to maintain internal homeostasis drives the behavior of animals, by affecting their learning processes, can explain many real-world behaviors, including some that might otherwise appear irrational.
    1. Ecology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Community-level cohesion without cooperation

    Mikhail Tikhonov
    A model of purely competitive ecological dynamics is shown to be equivalent to adaptive evolution of a single individual, suggesting a new way to formalize the "superorganism" metaphor.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A stochastic neuronal model predicts random search behaviors at multiple spatial scales in C. elegans

    William M Roberts et al.
    A stochastic model of locomotory control in C. elegans based on an extensive new set of tracking data can explain and predict effects of ablations and mutations on behavior.