206 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The force-sensing peptide VemP employs extreme compaction and secondary structure formation to induce ribosomal stalling

    Ting Su et al.
    The structure of the VemP-stalled ribosome reveals a helix-double turn-helix conformation of the nascent chain within the ribosomal tunnel, illustrating how secondary structure formation directly at the peptidyltransferase center of the ribosome can induce translational arrest.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: Bioengineering horizon scan 2020

    Luke Kemp et al.
    20 emerging issues in bioengineering that will have profound impacts on society have been identified.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cell Division: How centrioles acquire the ability to reproduce

    Midori Ohta et al.
    A protein called SAS-7 is required for daughter centrioles to become mothers in C. elegans.
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  1. Research: United States National Postdoc Survey results and the interaction of gender, career choice and mentor impact

    Sean C McConnell et al.
    The quality of mentoring received while a postdoc influences career choice irrespective of field, gender, or ethnicity, according to a 7,603-respondent postdoc survey.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Science Forum: The single-cell eQTLGen consortium

    MGP van der Wijst et al.
    The single-cell eQTLGen consortium aims to pinpoint the cellular contexts in which disease-causing genetic variants affect gene expression and its regulation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome mining unearths a hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic gene cluster

    Hyun Bong Park et al.
    A new type of hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS)-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic pathway has been illuminated via genome mining.
    1. Cell Biology

    Centriolar SAS-7 acts upstream of SPD-2 to regulate centriole assembly and pericentriolar material formation

    Kenji Sugioka et al.
    A genetic screen and live cell imaging show that a newly identified coiled-coil protein called SAS-7 is the earliest acting factor in centriole assembly yet identified in the roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Domestic chickens activate a piRNA defense against avian leukosis virus

    Yu Huining Sun et al.
    To protect the germ line genome, chickens acquire new small RNA-based immune defense in response to recently endogenized retroviruses by turning a truncated provirus into a weapon.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Genetic screen in Drosophila muscle identifies autophagy-mediated T-tubule remodeling and a Rab2 role in autophagy

    Naonobu Fujita et al.
    Analyses of a developmentally regulated Drosophila myofiber remodeling program provide insight into induced autophagy required for T-tubule membrane reorganization, and uncover a conserved Rab2 role in autophagosome-lysosome fusion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Murine Fam65b forms ring-like structures at the base of stereocilia critical for mechanosensory hair cell function

    Bo Zhao et al.
    Super-resolution microscopy reveals a highly organized compartment in the stereocilia of mechanosensory hair cells of the inner ear, which is critical for hair cell function and affected in disease.

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