293 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The force-sensing peptide VemP employs extreme compaction and secondary structure formation to induce ribosomal stalling

    Ting Su et al.
    The structure of the VemP-stalled ribosome reveals a helix-double turn-helix conformation of the nascent chain within the ribosomal tunnel, illustrating how secondary structure formation directly at the peptidyltransferase center of the ribosome can induce translational arrest.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Point of View: Bioengineering horizon scan 2020

    Luke Kemp et al.
    20 emerging issues in bioengineering that will have profound impacts on society have been identified.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Fine interaction profiling of VemP and mechanisms responsible for its translocation-coupled arrest-cancelation

    Ryoji Miyazaki et al.
    Time-resolved and site-directed in vivo photo-crosslinking analysis of VemP allows identification of both cis- and trans-elements required for its regulated arrest-cancelation.
    1. Cell Biology

    USP16 counteracts mono-ubiquitination of RPS27a and promotes maturation of the 40S ribosomal subunit

    Christian Montellese et al.
    The deubiquitinase USP16 is associated with cytoplasmic precursors of 40S ribosomal subunits and promotes their final maturation by removal of trans-monoubiquitin from RPS27a.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Processing of the ribosomal ubiquitin-like fusion protein FUBI-eS30/FAU is required for 40S maturation and depends on USP36

    Jasmin van den Heuvel et al.
    Endoproteolytic cleavage of the ribosomal precursor protein FUBI-eS30 is required for efficient maturation of small ribosomal subunits in the cytoplasm of human cells and involves the nucleolar deubiquitinase USP36.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Does diversity beget diversity in microbiomes?

    Naïma Madi et al.
    Microbiomediversity favors further diversity in a positive feedback that is strongest in lower-diversity biomes but which plateaus as niches are increasingly filled in higher-diversity biomes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    AMPK signaling to acetyl-CoA carboxylase is required for fasting- and cold-induced appetite but not thermogenesis

    Sandra Galic et al.
    A single mutation in acetyl-CoA carboxylase blocking AMPK regulation inhibits food intake in mice in response to cold exposure or fasting causing them to lose weight.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Transmission of West Nile and five other temperate mosquito-borne viruses peaks at temperatures between 23°C and 26°C

    Marta S Shocket et al.
    Mechanistic, trait-based models for transmission of West Nile virus and observed incidence of human West Nile disease cases in the US both show optimal transmission at 24-25°C.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Adult zebrafish Langerhans cells arise from hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells

    Sicong He et al.
    Adult zebrafish Langerhans cells are derived from hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells but not Erythro-myeloid progenitors.
    1. Ecology

    Oxygen isotopes suggest elevated thermometabolism within multiple Permo-Triassic therapsid clades

    Kévin Rey et al.
    Two therapsid clades, dicynodonts and cynodonts, independently acquired and developed an endotherm-like thermoregulation during the Late Permian period, that probably helped them to survive the major global climate and environmental fluctuations of the end-Permian.

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