18 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    An adaptation of astronomical image processing enables characterization and functional 3D mapping of individual sites of excitation-contraction coupling in rat cardiac muscle

    Qinghai Tian et al.
    The fusion of astronomy and cellular cardiology reveals the 3D arrangement and the firing reliability of active excitation-contraction coupling sites in beating cardiac myocytes.
    1. Cell Biology

    Optogenetic control of PRC1 reveals its role in chromosome alignment on the spindle by overlap length-dependent forces

    Mihaela Jagrić et al.
    Optogenetic experiments show that bridging microtubules buffer chromosome movements and promote their alignment through forces transferred to the associated kinetochore fibers, which rely on precise regulation of the overlap region.
    1. Neuroscience

    Relaxation of synaptic inhibitory events as a compensatory mechanism in fetal SOD spinal motor networks

    Pascal Branchereau et al.
    Electrophysiological and simulation approaches show that a chloride-related longer relaxation of the inhibitory synaptic events partially compensates the early defect in the chloride homeostasis detected in fetal SOD spinal motoneurons.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Multiscale cardiac imaging spanning the whole heart and its internal cellular architecture in a small animal model

    Graham Rykiel et al.
    Correlative imaging of the heart at multiple spatial scales has the potential to revolutionize the way we understand deficiencies in congenital heart disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Agonist-specific voltage-dependent gating of lysosomal two-pore Na+ channels

    Xiaoli Zhang et al.
    Tricyclic antidepressants activate lysosomal two-pore Na+ channels in a voltage-dependent manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Novel charged sodium and calcium channel inhibitor active against neurogenic inflammation

    Seungkyu Lee et al.
    A cationic molecule derived from an uncharged Cav2.2 calcium channel inhibitor powerfully inhibits both sodium and calcium channels with extracellular application and inhibits both pain and neurogenic inflammation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anti-nociceptive action of peripheral mu-opioid receptors by G-beta-gamma protein-mediated inhibition of TRPM3 channels

    Sandeep Dembla et al.
    Pro-nociceptive and pro-inflammatory TRPM3 (transient receptor potential melastatin 3) channels, expressed in somatosensory neurons, are inhibited by activation of Gαi-coupled receptors, such as µ-opioid receptors, in vitro and in vivo.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Semisynthetic biosensors for mapping cellular concentrations of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotides

    Olivier Sallin et al.
    A family of fluorescent biosensors for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotides allows quantification of these cofactors in live cells with spatio-temporal resolution.
    1. Cell Biology

    NuMA recruits dynein activity to microtubule minus-ends at mitosis

    Christina L Hueschen et al.
    At mitosis, NuMA recruits dynein-dynactin to microtubule minus-ends, enabling robust microtubule clustering and the emergence of spindle poles.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Dynamics of preventive vs post-diagnostic cancer control using low-impact measures

    Andrei R Akhmetzhanov, Michael E Hochberg
    A model based on empirical parameter estimates predicts that arresting cancer cell growth by less than 1% per day will produce optimal outcomes in preventing life-threatening cancers, and that such preventive measures are generally more successful than post-diagnostic interventions.

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