18 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Medicine

    A deleterious gene-by-environment interaction imposed by calcium channel blockers in Marfan syndrome

    Jefferson J Doyle et al.
    Calcium channel blockers accelerate aortic aneurysm and cause premature aortic rupture in a mouse model of Marfan syndrome through protein kinase C-mediated activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase.
    1. Cell Biology

    PDE2A2 regulates mitochondria morphology and apoptotic cell death via local modulation of cAMP/PKA signalling

    Stefania Monterisi et al.
    The enzyme phosphodiesterase 2A2 localises at the mitochondrial membrane and its inhibition results in a local increase in cAMP concentration, mitochondrial elongation and resistance to apoptosis.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem Cells: Put to the test

    Marites T Woon, Timothy J Kamp
    Personalized heart muscle cells made from stem cells in the laboratory could be used to check an individual’s response to potential new drugs before clinical trials.
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    1. Cell Biology

    An adaptation of astronomical image processing enables characterization and functional 3D mapping of individual sites of excitation-contraction coupling in rat cardiac muscle

    Qinghai Tian et al.
    The fusion of astronomy and cellular cardiology reveals the 3D arrangement and the firing reliability of active excitation-contraction coupling sites in beating cardiac myocytes.
    1. Cell Biology

    Optogenetic control of PRC1 reveals its role in chromosome alignment on the spindle by overlap length-dependent forces

    Mihaela Jagrić et al.
    Optogenetic experiments show that bridging microtubules buffer chromosome movements and promote their alignment through forces transferred to the associated kinetochore fibers, which rely on precise regulation of the overlap region.
    1. Neuroscience

    Relaxation of synaptic inhibitory events as a compensatory mechanism in fetal SOD spinal motor networks

    Pascal Branchereau et al.
    Electrophysiological and simulation approaches show that a chloride-related longer relaxation of the inhibitory synaptic events partially compensates the early defect in the chloride homeostasis detected in fetal SOD spinal motoneurons.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Multiscale cardiac imaging spanning the whole heart and its internal cellular architecture in a small animal model

    Graham Rykiel et al.
    Correlative imaging of the heart at multiple spatial scales has the potential to revolutionize the way we understand deficiencies in congenital heart disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Agonist-specific voltage-dependent gating of lysosomal two-pore Na+ channels

    Xiaoli Zhang et al.
    Tricyclic antidepressants activate lysosomal two-pore Na+ channels in a voltage-dependent manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Novel charged sodium and calcium channel inhibitor active against neurogenic inflammation

    Seungkyu Lee et al.
    A cationic molecule derived from an uncharged Cav2.2 calcium channel inhibitor powerfully inhibits both sodium and calcium channels with extracellular application and inhibits both pain and neurogenic inflammation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anti-nociceptive action of peripheral mu-opioid receptors by G-beta-gamma protein-mediated inhibition of TRPM3 channels

    Sandeep Dembla et al.
    Pro-nociceptive and pro-inflammatory TRPM3 (transient receptor potential melastatin 3) channels, expressed in somatosensory neurons, are inhibited by activation of Gαi-coupled receptors, such as µ-opioid receptors, in vitro and in vivo.

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