3,651 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Vg1-Nodal heterodimers are the endogenous inducers of mesendoderm

    Tessa G Montague, Alexander F Schier
    Nodal is assumed to be the sole inducer of mesendoderm, but the related signal Vg1 is as essential as Nodal in this process.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Loss of p53 suppresses replication-stress-induced DNA breakage in G1/S checkpoint deficient cells

    Bente Benedict et al.
    During tumorigenesis loss of p53 not only abrogates cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, but also suppresses the induction of replication-stress-induced DNA double-stranded breaks.
    1. Neuroscience

    A quantitative theory of gamma synchronization in macaque V1

    Eric Lowet et al.
    Gamma-band synchronization behavior in area V1 was predicted by weakly coupled oscillator principles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Surface color and predictability determine contextual modulation of V1 firing and gamma oscillations

    Alina Peter et al.
    Colored surfaces induce strong gamma-synchronization yet sparse firing in V1 when receptive field inputs are predicted from the surrounding spatial context.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Scc2 counteracts a Wapl-independent mechanism that releases cohesin from chromosomes during G1

    Madhusudhan Srinivasan et al.
    In G1 cells, Scc2 loads and maintains cohesin on chromosomes by counteracting a Wapl-independent releasing activity, which is neutralized in S phase by CDK1.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Size uniformity of animal cells is actively maintained by a p38 MAPK-dependent regulation of G1-length

    Shixuan Liu et al.
    The p38 MAPK pathway functions downstream of a cell-size-sensing process to coordinate cell size/growth with G1 progression in animal cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Emergence of visually-evoked reward expectation signals in dopamine neurons via the superior colliculus in V1 lesioned monkeys

    Norihiro Takakuwa et al.
    The subcortical visual pathway through the midbrain superior colliculus is responsible for visually evoked Pavlovian conditioning and dopamine neuron responses with predicted value in monkeys, which remained after lesioning V1.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    MicroRNAs down-regulate homologous recombination in the G1 phase of cycling cells to maintain genomic stability

    Young Eun Choi et al.
    MicroRNAs tightly control the cellular level of homologous recombination (HR) factors in the G1 phase, and failure of this control system results in an ectopic increase in HR proteins in G1 cells leading to impaired DNA repair.
    1. Neuroscience

    Large-scale two-photon imaging revealed super-sparse population codes in the V1 superficial layer of awake monkeys

    Shiming Tang et al.
    Two-photon imaging reveals super-sparse responses to natural images in primate V1, which carry sufficient information for discrimination of the input natural images with high accuracy.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Phosphorylation-mediated interactions with TOPBP1 couple 53BP1 and 9-1-1 to control the G1 DNA damage checkpoint

    Nicolas Bigot et al.
    Two phosphorylation sites on 53BP1 are found to mediate interaction with TOPBP1-RAD9 and shown to be essential for assembling the G1 DNA damage checkpoint response apparatus.

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