The subcortical visual pathway through the midbrain superior colliculus is responsible for visually evoked Pavlovian conditioning and dopamine neuron responses with predicted value in monkeys, which remained after lesioning V1.
Genetic analyses demonstrate that Gdf3/Vg1 is a maternal effect gene required for robust Nodal signaling during different phases of embryogenesis including germ-layer formation, Kupffer's vesicle morphogenesis, and left-right patterning.
Mucins, long associated with cancer aggression, remodel the cancer glycocalyx in a way that promotes proliferation in the metastatic site by enhancing integrin-mediated adhesion and thus driving cell cycle progression.
The multiple component mechanisms of extra-classical receptive field modulation, with distinct dynamics, discovered in the monkey visual cortex have important implications for understanding contextual perceptual processing.
The RIF1-long and short splice variants show distinct ability to protect cells from replication stress by promoting 53BP1 nuclear bodies, representing the first described functional difference between the two variants.