2,541 results found
  1. Episode 40: July 2017

    Hear about the sea urchin immune system, symbiotic bacteria in squid, anxiety and a training course to promote collaboration between scientists.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Coordinated crosstalk between microtubules and actin by a spectraplakin regulates lumen formation and branching

    Delia Ricolo, Sofia J Araujo
    Lumen formation by single epithelial cells depends on FGF-signalling-dependent expression of a spectraplakin, which can be functionally replaced by Tau.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cytotoxic T-cells mediate exercise-induced reductions in tumor growth

    Helene Rundqvist et al.
    Exercise can induce metabolic changes that strikingly impact cytotoxic T cell function and in turn affect cancer progression.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The allosteric modulation of complement C5 by knob domain peptides

    Alex Macpherson et al.
    Structural and functional analysis of a new class of low-molecular-weight antibody fragments, derived from bovine immunoglobulins, reveals their therapeutic potential against C5, a target for refractory inflammatory diseases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitation of medium spiny neurons by ‘inhibitory’ ultrapotent chemogenetics via shifts in chloride reversal potential

    Stephanie C Gantz et al.
    Modifying membrane potential by an 'inhibitory' chloride conductance such as PSAM4-GlyR is inherently unstable because the normally low intracellular concentration of chloride is readily increased by influx of chloride.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Interrogating the recognition landscape of a conserved HIV-specific TCR reveals distinct bacterial peptide cross-reactivity

    Juan L Mendoza et al.
    Potential for specific microbiome-directed, MHC-restricted shaping of a commonly selected HIV-specific CD8+ T cell population was suggested by MHC class I yeast display-based peptide screening approaches.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Thyroid hormone regulates distinct paths to maturation in pigment cell lineages

    Lauren M Saunders et al.
    Single-cell transcriptomics combined with genetic analyses identify post-embryonic neural crest subpopulations and thyroid hormone dependencies in zebrafish adult pigment pattern development.
    1. Cell Biology

    A critical role of VMP1 in lipoprotein secretion

    Hideaki Morishita et al.
    The ER transmembrane protein VMP1 is important for release of lipoproteins from the ER membrane into the ER lumen for secretion.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Lack of activity of recombinant HIF prolyl hydroxylases (PHDs) on reported non-HIF substrates

    Matthew E Cockman et al.
    Assays using recombinant HIF prolyl hydroxylases did not support hydroxylation of more than 20 reported non-HIF substrates under conditions where robust HIF hydroxylation was observed.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Rod nuclear architecture determines contrast transmission of the retina and behavioral sensitivity in mice

    Kaushikaram Subramanian et al.
    Establishing retinal contrast transmission as a novel determinant of mammalian fitness, this research adds functional significance to a prominent exception of nuclear organization, previously described in nocturnal rod photoreceptor cells.

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