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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanism of B-box 2 domain-mediated higher-order assembly of the retroviral restriction factor TRIM5α

    Jonathan M Wagner et al.
    Higher-order assembly enables and links pathogen recognition and downstream steps in the TRIM5-mediated anti-HIV response.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Epstein-Barr virus ensures B cell survival by uniquely modulating apoptosis at early and late times after infection

    Alexander M Price et al.
    Epstein-Barr virus hijacks host anti-apoptotic machinery to ensure survival during latent infection.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Antibody escape by polyomavirus capsid mutation facilitates neurovirulence

    Matthew D Lauver et al.
    Cryo EM and a custom subvolume refinement approach applied to mouse polyomavirus revealed the in vivo impact of polyomavirus capsid mutations on antiviral antibody immunoevasion and neurovirulence.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Transverse sinus injections drive robust whole-brain expression of transgenes

    Ali S Hamodi et al.
    A new viral injection method targets the transverse sinuses to achieve robust whole-brain delivery of single or multiple genes in multiple mammalian species early in development.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An integrin/MFG-E8 shuttle loads HIV-1 viral-like particles onto follicular dendritic cells in mouse lymph node

    Chung Park, John H Kehrl
    Intravital imaging with HIV-1 viral-like particle in mouse model reveals a mechanism for HIV-1 uptake by subcapsular sinus macrophages that facilitates HIV-1 spreading tofollicular dendritic and B cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A putative ATPase mediates RNA transcription and capping in a dsRNA virus

    Xuekui Yu et al.
    Atomic structures suggest a novel mechanism for the regulation of mRNA transcription and capping in dsRNA viruses.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kinetics of HIV-1 capsid uncoating revealed by single-molecule analysis

    Chantal L Márquez et al.
    Disassembly of the HIV-1 capsid is a catastrophic process, whereby initiation and propagation can be controlled independently by molecules that bind to different features of the capsid lattice.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolution-guided functional analyses reveal diverse antiviral specificities encoded by IFIT1 genes in mammals

    Matthew D Daugherty et al.
    Evolutionary innovation and turnover in the IFIT1 antiviral gene family has led to diverse repertoires of antiviral specificity across mammals.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Quantitative microscopy of functional HIV post-entry complexes reveals association of replication with the viral capsid

    Ke Peng et al.
    A robust method to quantitatively visualize HIV-1 replication complexes in infected cells shows that these complexes remain associated with the viral capsid beyond nuclear import in primary macrophages.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structured illumination microscopy combined with machine learning enables the high throughput analysis and classification of virus structure

    Romain F Laine et al.
    Machine learning in conjunction with super-resolution imaging allows for the first time to quantitatively analyse large and heterogenous virus samples structure at a high throughput and specificity.