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    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology

    Structural analyses at pseudo atomic resolution of Chikungunya virus and antibodies show mechanisms of neutralization

    Siyang Sun et al.
    Electron cryo-microscopy has been used to determine the structure of Chikungunya virus-like particles and to provide new insights into their interactions with four different antibodies.
    1. Plant Biology

    A viral protein promotes host SAMS1 activity and ethylene production for the benefit of virus infection

    Shanshan Zhao et al.
    Rice dwarf virus Pns11 protein increases rice susceptibility to virus infection by enhancing OsSAMS1 enzymatic activity and ethylene production.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Influenza virus recruits host protein kinase C to control assembly and activity of its replication machinery

    Arindam Mondal et al.
    Host protein kinase C family members regulate influenza virus genome replication by phosphorylating the viral nucleoprotein and controlling assembly of the viral replication machinery.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mapping the zoonotic niche of Ebola virus disease in Africa

    David M Pigott et al.
    Understanding where future Ebola virus outbreaks may start and the changing nature of the populations living in these places is of critical importance in helping to prepare for future outbreaks.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Immunology

    Structure of the transporter associated with antigen processing trapped by herpes simplex virus

    Michael L Oldham et al.
    Herpes simplex virus evades the immune response by inhibiting the TAP transporter with a peptide inhibitor ICP47 that has an extensive interface at the peptide translocation cavity and locks the transporter in an inactive state.
    1. Immunology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A single vertebrate DNA virus protein disarms invertebrate immunity to RNA virus infection

    Don B Gammon et al.
    Novel virus-host systems yield insights into how Lepidopterans (moths and butterflies) combat RNA virus infection and reveal that poxvirus A51R proteins can suppress the host's immune system and stabilize microtubules in host cells.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Epstein-Barr virus ensures B cell survival by uniquely modulating apoptosis at early and late times after infection

    Alexander M Price et al.
    Epstein-Barr virus hijacks host anti-apoptotic machinery to ensure survival during latent infection.
    1. Plant Biology

    A virus responds instantly to the presence of the vector on the host and forms transmission morphs

    Alexandre Martinière et al.
    Cauliflower mosaic virus reacts immediately when aphids feed on the host plant, and this boosts its chances of being taken up and transmitted by the insects to a new plant.
    1. Immunology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Contributions of mast cells and vasoactive products, leukotrienes and chymase, to dengue virus-induced vascular leakage

    Ashley L St John et al.
    Proteins produced by mast cells modulate the permeability of blood vessels, and may determine whether patients infected with dengue virus develop life-threatening complications.
    1. Biochemistry
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Translation initiation by the hepatitis C virus IRES requires eIF1A and ribosomal complex remodeling

    Zane A Jaafar et al.
    The hepatitis C virus IRES binds and remodels preassembled eukaryotic translation preinitiation complexes, using specific initiation factor protein within a "bacterial-like" mode of initiation that can function in both stressed and unstressed cells.