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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A picorna-like virus suppresses the N-end rule pathway to inhibit apoptosis

    Zhaowei Wang et al.
    A picorna-like virus promotes the accumulation of caspase-cleaved drosophila inhibitor of apoptosis 1 by inducing the degradation of NTAN1, a key N-end rule degradation pathway component, leading to apoptosis inhibition and viral replication enhancement.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Updates to the zoonotic niche map of Ebola virus disease in Africa

    David M Pigott et al.
    Building on previous work (Pigott et al. 2014), estimates of areas of potential transmission of Ebola virus are revised and updated to provide a contemporary map for use by researchers and policymakers.
    1. Cancer Biology

    MYC activation and BCL2L11 silencing by a tumour virus through the large-scale reconfiguration of enhancer-promoter hubs

    C David Wood et al.
    Epstein-Barr virus controls B-cell growth and survival through large-scale reorganization of the enhancers of the MYC and BCL2L11 genes, and may promote MYC translocations as a result.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural analyses at pseudo atomic resolution of Chikungunya virus and antibodies show mechanisms of neutralization

    Siyang Sun et al.
    Electron cryo-microscopy has been used to determine the structure of Chikungunya virus-like particles and to provide new insights into their interactions with four different antibodies.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The kinetoplastid-infecting Bodo saltans virus (BsV), a window into the most abundant giant viruses in the sea

    Christoph M Deeg et al.
    Bodo saltans virus defines the most abundant giant viruses in the ocean and highlights the genomic plasticity, rooted in evolutionary arms races, that gave rise to giant viruses.
    1. Plant Biology

    A viral protein promotes host SAMS1 activity and ethylene production for the benefit of virus infection

    Shanshan Zhao et al.
    Rice dwarf virus Pns11 protein increases rice susceptibility to virus infection by enhancing OsSAMS1 enzymatic activity and ethylene production.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Structure of the transporter associated with antigen processing trapped by herpes simplex virus

    Michael L Oldham et al.
    Herpes simplex virus evades the immune response by inhibiting the TAP transporter with a peptide inhibitor ICP47 that has an extensive interface at the peptide translocation cavity and locks the transporter in an inactive state.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Influenza virus recruits host protein kinase C to control assembly and activity of its replication machinery

    Arindam Mondal et al.
    Host protein kinase C family members regulate influenza virus genome replication by phosphorylating the viral nucleoprotein and controlling assembly of the viral replication machinery.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mapping the zoonotic niche of Ebola virus disease in Africa

    David M Pigott et al.
    Understanding where future Ebola virus outbreaks may start and the changing nature of the populations living in these places is of critical importance in helping to prepare for future outbreaks.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A single vertebrate DNA virus protein disarms invertebrate immunity to RNA virus infection

    Don B Gammon et al.
    Novel virus-host systems yield insights into how Lepidopterans (moths and butterflies) combat RNA virus infection and reveal that poxvirus A51R proteins can suppress the host's immune system and stabilize microtubules in host cells.