11,590 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 Vpu is a potent transcriptional suppressor of NF-κB-elicited antiviral immune responses

    Simon Langer et al.
    By inhibiting the activation of NF-κB, HIV-1 Vpu exerts much broader immunosuppressive effects than previously anticipated and may be an important determinant of chronic inflammation in HIV-1 infected individuals.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structural basis of HIV-1 Vpu-mediated BST2 antagonism via hijacking of the clathrin adaptor protein complex 1

    Xiaofei Jia et al.
    HIV-1 viral protein u (Vpu) can stimulate novel versions of canonical interactions with the clathrin adaptor AP1 to counteract the host antiviral protein BST2.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mannose receptor is an HIV restriction factor counteracted by Vpr in macrophages

    Jay Lubow et al.
    Interactions between HIV-1 Env and human mannose receptor enhance HIV entry but restrict viral egress and spread in the absence of Vpr.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 Vpr induces cell cycle arrest and enhances viral gene expression by depleting CCDC137

    Fengwen Zhang, Paul D Bieniasz
    A key target of the HIV-1 Vpr accessory protein is identified, whose depletion causes increased HIV-1gene expression and cell cycle arrest.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Investigation of Drosophila fruitless neurons that express Dpr/DIP cell adhesion molecules

    Savannah G Brovero et al.
    Analyses of fru P1 neurons that express dpr/DIP genes reveal roles for subsets of neurons in courtship, and the roles of Dpr/DIPs and the sex hierarchy in neuroanatomical sexual dimorphism.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Noroviruses subvert the core stress granule component G3BP1 to promote viral VPg-dependent translation

    Myra Hosmillo et al.
    A key cellular stress granule protein, G3BP1, is critical for efficient norovirus infection, representing the first pan-norovirus, pro-viral factor identified to date.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 Vpr antagonizes innate immune activation by targeting karyopherin-mediated NF-κB/IRF3 nuclear transport

    Hataf Khan et al.
    HIV-1 Vpr antagonises innate immune sensing of viral and non-viral stimuli by preventing activated IRF3 and NF-κB nuclear transport.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Pvr expression regulators in equilibrium signal control and maintenance of Drosophila blood progenitors

    Bama Charan Mondal et al.
    The THAP-domain protein Bip1, along with other proteins Nup98 and RpS8, controls the expression of the protein Pvr, a critical non-cell-autonomous regulator of Drosophila blood progenitor maintenance.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mapping immune variation and var gene switching in naive hosts infected with Plasmodium falciparum

    Kathryn Milne et al.
    Parasite variants associated with severe malaria do not have an intrinsic growth or survival advantage in vivo, which indicates that a change in host environment is required for their selection.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Measuring the optimal exposure for single particle cryo-EM using a 2.6 Å reconstruction of rotavirus VP6

    Timothy Grant, Nikolaus Grigorieff
    The resolution of electron cryo-microscopy can be improved by using optimal exposure values to filter video frames.

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