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    1. Cell Biology

    Unstructured regions in IRE1α specify BiP-mediated destabilisation of the luminal domain dimer and repression of the UPR

    Niko Amin-Wetzel et al.
    Client protein-driven reversal of endoplasmic reticulum chaperone (BiP) mediated-repression is revealed as a principal component of the regulation of the unfolded protein response transducer IRE1 in cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A polyomavirus peptide binds to the capsid VP1 pore and has potent antiviral activity against BK and JC polyomaviruses

    Joshua R Kane et al.
    A peptide derived from BK and JC polyomavirus protein VP2/3 inhibits viral infection by targeting a binding site in the pore of polyomavirus VP1 pentamers, enabling future VP1-targeted therapeutic strategies.
    1. Cell Biology

    SUMO peptidase ULP-4 regulates mitochondrial UPR-mediated innate immunity and lifespan extension

    Kaiyu Gao et al.
    SUMOylation regulates mitochondrial UPR signaling through modulation of transcription factors DVE-1 and ATFS-1.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Stimulus-induced gamma rhythms are weaker in human elderly with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease

    Dinavahi VPS Murty et al.
    Visual narrow-band gamma rhythms are reduced in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease, confirming previous rodent research and forming crucial first steps for development of EEG-based biomarkers for humans.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Population structuring of multi-copy, antigen-encoding genes in Plasmodium falciparum

    Yael Artzy-Randrup et al.
    Mathematical modeling shows that local populations of the malaria parasite self-organize into a limited number of transient but distinct strains through competition for hosts in immunity space.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Origin of a folded repeat protein from an intrinsically disordered ancestor

    Hongbo Zhu et al.
    Minimal changes allow an ancestral, unfolded peptide to adopt a known fold by repetition, illuminating a possible path for the emergence of folded proteins at the origin of life.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The antigenic switching network of Plasmodium falciparum and its implications for the immuno-epidemiology of malaria

    Robert Noble et al.
    The first comprehensive analysis of antigenic switching in the malaria-causing parasite Plasmodium falciparum provides new insights into the process that prevents individuals from acquiring immunity to the disease.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mechanisms of iron- and O2-sensing by the [4Fe-4S] cluster of the global iron regulator RirA

    Ma Teresa Pellicer Martinez et al.
    Molecular details of how the iron–sulfur cluster cofactor of a bacterial global iron regulatory protein simultaneously senses iron and O2 are revealed by mass spectrometry and spectroscopy.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Rotavirus VP3 targets MAVS for degradation to inhibit type III interferon expression in intestinal epithelial cells

    Siyuan Ding et al.
    Rotavirus infection induces phosphorylation and proteasomal degradation of MAVS to suppress host antiviral interferon signaling.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for isoform-specific kinesin-1 recognition of Y-acidic cargo adaptors

    Stefano Pernigo et al.
    X-ray crystallography reveals how kinesin-1 recognises a novel class of cargo adaptor motifs in an isoform-specific manner.