4,355 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    ARL3 activation requires the co-GEF BART and effector-mediated turnover

    Yasmin ElMaghloob et al.
    BART is a co-GEF for ARL3 and maintains the active ARL3-GTP until it is recycled by ARL3 effectors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Kinesin-4 KIF21B limits microtubule growth to allow rapid centrosome polarization in T cells

    Peter Jan Hooikaas et al.
    Kinesin-4 KIF21B promotes rapid reorientation of the microtubule network during formation of immunological synapse in T cells by acting as a pausing and catastrophe-inducing factor that keeps microtubules short.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Molecular basis for the adaptive evolution of environment-sensing by H-NS proteins

    Xiaochuan Zhao et al.
    Combining in silico and experimental approaches to identify and understand the residue changes in the H-NS protein that allowed bacteria to adapt environment-sensing to different habitats.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Phenotypic and molecular evolution across 10,000 generations in laboratory budding yeast populations

    Milo S Johnson et al.
    Experimentally evolved yeast populations increase in fitness predictably but do not divide into coexisting lineages or dramatically increase their mutation rates after 10,000 generations.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The ESCRT machinery regulates retromer-dependent transcytosis of septate junction components in Drosophila

    Hendrik Pannen et al.
    A novel role of endosomal machineries retromer and ESCRT in membrane delivery of Drosophila septate junction components is required for maintenance of junction integrity and epithelial barrier function.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The Hippo pathway controls myofibril assembly and muscle fiber growth by regulating sarcomeric gene expression

    Aynur Kaya-Çopur et al.
    Muscle fiber growth during development is controlled by the Hippo pathway that links the assembly state of the contractile sarcomeres with the transcriptional state of the sarcomeric genes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Biological constraints on GWAS SNPs at suggestive significance thresholds reveal additional BMI loci

    Reza K Hammond et al.
    By integrating GWAS data sets with ATAC-seq and promoter-focused Capture C data, one can uncover further loci beyond those that reach genome-wide significance (p<5x10-8).
    1. Neuroscience

    Ablation of STAT3 in Purkinje cells reorganizes cerebellar synaptic plasticity in long-term fear memory network

    Jeong-Kyu Han et al.
    Cerebellar STAT3 is indispensable for proper expression of fear memory network processing.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Regulatory roles of Escherichia coli 5' UTR and ORF-internal RNAs detected by 3' end mapping

    Philip P Adams et al.
    Multiple RNA-seq approaches globally mapped RNA 3´ ends resulting in the discovery of numerous and diverse RNA regulators.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Bi-fated tendon-to-bone attachment cells are regulated by shared enhancers and KLF transcription factors

    Shiri Kult et al.
    The molecular identity of bi-fated tendon-to-bone attachment cells, which display a mixture of transcriptomes of two neighboring cell types, enables the formation of the unique transitional tissue of the enthesis.

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