4,432 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The Sec14-like phosphatidylinositol transfer proteins Sec14l3/SEC14L2 act as GTPase proteins to mediate Wnt/Ca2+ signaling

    Bo Gong et al.
    Sec14l3/SEC14L2 respond to upstream Wnt/Frizzled/Dvl stimulation to recruit and activate phospholipase Cδ4a (Plcδ4a) to further initiate calcium release.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    R-spondins can potentiate WNT signaling without LGRs

    Andres M Lebensohn, Rajat Rohatgi
    R-spondins 2 and 3 can potentiate WNT signaling in the absence of LGRs through interactions with ZNRF3/RNF43 E3 ubiquitin ligases and heparan sulfate proteoglycans, defining two alternative modes of R-spondin-mediated signaling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Wnt proteins can direct planar cell polarity in vertebrate ectoderm

    Chih-Wen Chu, Sergei Y Sokol
    Vertebrate early ectoderm displays planar polarity manifested by a fluorescent sensor and this polarity can be instructed by Wnt ligands.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Active and water-soluble form of lipidated Wnt protein is maintained by a serum glycoprotein afamin/α-albumin

    Emiko Mihara et al.
    Lipidated and highly hydrophobic Wnt ligands form a complex with the serum glycoprotein afamin, and can be purified and stored in a biologically active form without detergents.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Pituitary stem cells produce paracrine WNT signals to control the expansion of their descendant progenitor cells

    John P Russell et al.
    Stem cells of the pituitary gland contribute to organ growth cell non-autonomously by promoting proliferation of committed progenitors through WNT ligand secretion.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Conformational change of Dishevelled plays a key regulatory role in the Wnt signaling pathways

    Ho-Jin Lee et al.
    The ligand-binding pocket of the Dishevelled PDZ domain can be occupied by Dishevelled's own highly conserved C-terminus, inducing a closed conformation that is ‘opened’ when Wnt signaling stimulates interaction between Frizzled and Dishevelled.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Generic injuries are sufficient to induce ectopic Wnt organizers in Hydra

    Jack F Cazet et al.
    Injuries activate the oral identity-specifying canonical Wnt signaling pathway in Hydra, which can trigger head regeneration in permissive tissue contexts created by the absence of pre-existing organizers.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Proteomics reveals synergy between biomass degrading enzymes and inorganic Fenton chemistry in leaf-cutting ant colonies

    Morten Schiøtt, Jacobus J Boomsma
    Leaf-cutting ants use their fecal fluid to vector enzymes produced by their fungal symbiont to degrade plant biomass with a combination of degradation enzymes and Fenton chemistry.
    1. Ecology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Revealing the structure of information flows discriminates similar animal social behaviors

    Gabriele Valentini et al.
    Information theory reveals that apparently similar signaling behaviors in ants and termites are instead governed by distinct communication protocols explaining their underlying different functions.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Destructive disinfection of infected brood prevents systemic disease spread in ant colonies

    Christopher D Pull et al.
    Upon detecting a fatal infection using chemical cues, ants puncture the cuticle of sick brood and inject antimicrobial poison that disrupts the pathogen's life cycle and prevents it from reproducing, thus protecting the colony from disease.

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