240 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Human embryo polarization requires PLC signaling to mediate trophectoderm specification

    Meng Zhu et al.
    Functional analyses of in vitro fertilized, preimplanation human embryos reveal that the first lineage segregation depends on cell polarization signaling that is regulated by Phospholipase C (PLC) activity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Y chromosome functions in mammalian spermatogenesis

    Jeremie Subrini, James Turner
    The mammalian Y chromosome has become specialised for male fertility, but exact functions of individual Y genes remain poorly understood, a knowledge gap that new approaches can bridge.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A morphological transformation in respiratory syncytial virus leads to enhanced complement deposition

    Jessica P Kuppan et al.
    Respiratory syncytial virus produces filamentous particles that change shape when the viral matrix detaches from the viral membrane, and this change in shape results in enhanced deposition of complement proteins, with potential downstream consequences.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Human genetic analyses of organelles highlight the nucleus in age-related trait heritability

    Rahul Gupta et al.
    Although cellular organelles show a functional deterioration in aging, genetic loci associated with common age-associated disease instead nominate nuclear transcription factors across several age-related diseases.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Naa12 compensates for Naa10 in mice in the amino-terminal acetylation pathway

    Hyae Yon Kweon et al.
    Mice doubly deficient for Naa10 and Naa12 display embryonic lethality, with both enzymes compensating for each other with amino-terminal acetylation of proteins in mouse development.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    CLAMP and Zelda function together to promote Drosophila zygotic genome activation

    Jingyue Duan et al.
    Maternal CLAMP functions as a novel pioneer transcription factor to open chromatin and plays a targeted yet essential role in Drosophila zygotic genome activation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    High-resolution, genome-wide mapping of positive supercoiling in chromosomes

    Monica S Guo et al.
    GapR-seq enables the global mapping of positive supercoiling in bacteria and yeast, revealing positive supercoils downstream of highly expressed genes and, in yeast, associated with centromeres, pericentromeres, telomeres, replication origins, and R-loops.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A low Smc flux avoids collisions and facilitates chromosome organization in Bacillus subtilis

    Anna Anchimiuk et al.
    Bacterial chromosome folding by DNA loop extrusion is here shown to rely on avoidance of SMC collisions by low SMC abundance, clustering of loading sites, efficient translocation, and rare unloading.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Quantitative control of noise in mammalian gene expression by dynamic histone regulation

    Deng Tan et al.
    Ubiquitous transcriptional factor-CBP/p300 interaction induces epigenetic and transcriptional bimodality, which can be utilized to tune mean gene expression and noise independently.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    In vivo analysis reveals that ATP-hydrolysis couples remodeling to SWI/SNF release from chromatin

    Ben C Tilly et al.
    Visualization of BRM remodelers engaging their endogenous genomic targets revealed highly transient and dynamic interactions with chromatin, which are fueled by ATP-hydrolysis.

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