Bacteria use the transcription factor binding region of their transcription activator-like effectors to hijack host basal transcription factor to cause rice diseases by activating host susceptibility genes.
The protein CpoB regulates PBP1B activity in response to the Tol energy state, which facilitates feedback and synchronicity between envelope constriction processes during Gram-negative bacterial cell division.
Mechanical interactions between bacterial species with different motility characteristics play an important role in spatial-temporal dynamics of multi-species bacterial colonies and can lead to formation of complex patterns.
Specialized fungal pathogen populations infect rice varieties with contrasting immune systems co-cultivated in a traditional agro-system, indicating the relevance of crop diversity to restricting epidemics in the landscape.
Hybridization and introgression blur species boundaries and broaden genetic diversity available for adaptation; and widespread introgression underpins the evolution of races of the generalist pathogen Albugo candida that specialise on different host plant species.